Cardiac Sympathetic Denervation in Parkinson’s Disease

  • David S. Goldstein
Part of the Advances in Behavioral Biology book series (ABBI, volume 53)


Chronic autonomic failure has been classified clinically into pure autonomic failure, multiple system atrophy, and Parkinson’s disease with autonomic failure, as indicated in Figure l.1


Multiple System Atrophy Autonomic Failure Levodopa Treatment Sympathetic Denervation Pure Autonomic Failure 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • David S. Goldstein
    • 1
  1. 1.Clinical Neurocardiology Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and StrokeNational Institutes of HealthBethesdaUSA

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