Advertisement

Advanced Materials Treatment by Shock Waves

  • Vitali F. Nesterenko
Chapter
Part of the High-Pressure Shock Compression of Condensed Matter book series (SHOCKWAVE)

Abstract

The shock treatment of powders, for example, to increase defect density and activate sintering, or to density them to solid density has a relatively long history of application attempts in the area of advanced materials. Nevertheless, the scale of industrial fabrication is very small in comparison, not only with the traditional powder technology methods, but even in comparison with the explosive forming, welding, or explosive hardening, which use the same type of loading. There are two main reasons for this.

Keywords

Shear Band Amorphous Alloy Shock Compression Shock Loading Shock Pressure 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Ahrens, T.J., and Rosenberg, T. (1968) Shock Metamorphism: Experiments on Quartz and Plagioclase. In: Shock Metamorphism of Natural Materials. (Edited by B.M. French, and N.M. Short) Mono Book, Baltimore, pp. 59–81.Google Scholar
  2. Ahrens, T.J., Kostka, D., Vreeland, T. Jr., Schwarz, R.B., and Kasiraj, P., (1984) Shock Compaction of Molibdenum Powder. In: Shock Waves in Condensed Matter—1983: Proceedings of American Physical Society Topical Conference (Edited by J.R. Asay, R.A. Graham, and G.K. Straub). Elsevier Science, Amsterdam, pp. 443–446.Google Scholar
  3. Aksenov, P.V., Lizunov, Y.D., Ryazanov, A.I., Nesterenko, V.F., and Pershin, S.A. (1989) Investigation of Energy Dependence of Penetration Depth for He Ions in Microcrystalline Alloy Zr-Nb. Voprosy Atomnoi Nauki i Tekhniki. Ser. Yaderno- Physichiskie. IssledovanyafTeoriya i Experiment), 1989, no. 2, p. 107 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  4. Altshuler, L.V. (1965) Application of Shock Waves in Shock Pressure Physics. Uspehi Phisicheskih Nauk, 85, no. 2, pp. 197–258 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  5. Anan’in, A.V., Breusov, O.N., Dremin, A.N., Pershin, S.V., and Tatsii, V.F. (1974) The Effect of Shock Waves on Silicon Dioxide. I. Quartz. Fizika Goreniya I Vzryva, 10, no. 3, pp. 426–436.Google Scholar
  6. Arndt, J. (1984) Shock Isotropization of Minerals. In: Shock Waves in Condensed Matter—1983: Proceedings of American Physical Society Topical Conference (Edited by J.R. Asay, R.A. Graham, and G.K. Straub). Elsevier Science, Amsterdam, pp. 473–480.Google Scholar
  7. Asay, J.R., and Hayes, D.B. (1975) Shock-Compression and Release Behavior Near Melt States in Aluminium. J. Appl. Physics, 46, no. 11, pp. 4789–4800.ADSGoogle Scholar
  8. Atroshenko, E.S. (1984) The Peculiarities of Sintering Kinetics after Explosive Compaction. Physics and Chemistry of Materials Treatment, no. 1, pp. 51–56 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  9. Baer, M.R. (2000) Computational Modeling of Heterogeneous Reactive Materials at the Mesoscale. In: Shock Compression of Condensed Matter—1999 (Edited by M.D. Furnish, L.C. Chhabildas, and R.S. Hixson). AIP, New York, pp. 27–33.Google Scholar
  10. Batsanov, S.S. (1994) Effects of Explosives on Materials. Springer-Verlag, New York.Google Scholar
  11. Beauchamp, E.K., and Carr, M.J. (1990) Kinetics of Phase Change in Explosively Shock-Treated Alumina. J. of the American Ceramic Soc, 73, no. 1, pp. 49–53.Google Scholar
  12. Belyakov, L.V., Valitskii, V.P., Zlatin, N.A., and Mochalov, S.M. (1966) About Melting of Lead in Shock Wave. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR, 170, no. 3, pp. 540–543 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  13. Benson, D.J. (1994) An Analysis by Direct Numerical Simulation of the Effects of Particle Morphology on the Shock Compaction of Copper Powder. Modelling Simul Mater. Sci. Eng., 2, pp. 535–550.ADSGoogle Scholar
  14. Benson, D.J., Nesterenko, V.F., and Jonsdottir, F. (1995) Numerical Simulations of Dynamic Compaction. In Net Shape Processing of Powder Materials, AMD-216 (Edited by S. Krishnaswami, R.M. McMeeking, and J.R.L. Trasoiras). ASME, New York, pp. 1–8.Google Scholar
  15. Benson, D.J., Nesterenko, V.F., and Jonsdottir, F. (1996) Micromechanics of Shock Deformation of Granular Materials. In: Shock Compression of Condensed Matter—1995, Proceedings of the Conference of the American Physical Society Topical Group on Shock Compression of Condensed Matter (Edited by S.C. Schmidt and W.C. Tao). AIP Press, New York, pp. 603–606.Google Scholar
  16. Benson, D.J., Nesterenko, V.F., Jonsdottir, F. and Meyers, M.A. (1998) Quasistatic and Dynamic Regimes of Granular Material Deformation Under Impulse Loading. J. Mech. Phys. Solids, 45, nos. 11/12, pp. 1955–1999.Google Scholar
  17. Bergmann, O.R., and Barrington, J. (1966) Effect of Explosive Shock Waves on Ceramic Powders. J. of the American Ceramic Soc, 49, no. 9, pp. 502–507.Google Scholar
  18. Bhalla, A.K., and Williams, J.D. (1977) Production of Stainless Steel Wire-Reinforced Aluminium Composite Sheet by Explosive Compaction. Journal of Materials Science, 12, no. 3, pp. 522–530.ADSGoogle Scholar
  19. Bhalla, A.K. (1980) Hot Explosive Compaction of Metal Powders. Transactions of Powder Metal Association, India, 7, no. 9, pp. 1–8.Google Scholar
  20. Binggeli, N., and Chelikowsky, J.R. (1991) Structural Transformation of Quartz at High Pressures. Nature, 353, pp. 344–346.ADSGoogle Scholar
  21. Birla, N.C., and Krishnaswamy, W. (1981) Consolidation of Prealloyed Ti-6Al-2Sn-4Zr-2Mo Spherical Powders. Powder Metallurgy, 24, no. 4, pp. 203–209.Google Scholar
  22. Bondar’, M.P., and Nesterenko, V.F. (1991) Contact Deformation and Bonding Criteria under Impulsive Loading. Fizika Goreniya i Vzryva, 27, no. 3, pp. 103–117 (in Russian). English translation: Combustion, Explosion, and Shock Waves, November 1991, pp. 364–376.Google Scholar
  23. Bondar’, M.P., Kostyukov, N.A., Ovechkin, B.B. et al. (1986) Effect of Explosive Compaction upon the Properties of TiC-TiNi Composition. In: Proceedings of IX International Conference on High Energy Rate Fabrication (Edited by V.F. Nesterenko and I.V. Yakovlev). Lavrentyev Institute of Hydrodynamics and Special Design Office of High-Rate Hydrodynamics, Novosibirsk, pp. 141–144 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  24. Bondar’, M.P., Nesterenko, V.F., Teslenko, T.S., and Lazaridi, A.N., (1990) Optimization of Heat Treatment Regimes of Explosive Compacts from Rapidly Solidified Granules of Chromium Steel. In: Impulse Treatment of Materials (Edited by A.F. Demchuk, V.F. Nesterenko, V.M. Ogolikhin, A.A. Shtertzer, Y.V. Kolotov, S.A. Pershin, and V.I. Danilevskaya). Special Design Ofice of High-Rate Hydrodynamics and Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, Novosibirsk, pp. 92–102 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  25. Brajkin, V.V., Larichev, V.I., Popova, S.V., and Skrotskaya, G.G. (1986) Metallic Glasses and Amorphous Semiconductors Obtained by Melt Quenching under High Pressures. Uspehi Phisicheskih Nauk, 150, no. 3, pp. 466–467 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  26. Breusov, O.N. (1978) The Possible Role of Metastability in the Processes under Shock Compression. In: Critical Phenomenon. Physico-Chemical Transformations in Shock Waves. Institute of Chemical Physics, Chernogolovka, pp. 122–125 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  27. Carslaw, H.S., and Jaeger, J.C. (1988) Conduction of Heat in Solids. Clarendon Press, Oxford.zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  28. Chaplot, S.L., and Sikka, S.K. (1993) Molecular-Dynamics Simulation of Pressure-Induced Crystalline-to-Amorphous Transition in Some Corner-Linked Polyhedral Compounds. Physical Review B (Condensed Matter), 47, no. 10, pp. 5710–5714.ADSGoogle Scholar
  29. Chen, H., He, Y., Shiflet, G.J., and Poon, S.J. (1994) Deformation-Induced Nanocrystal Formation in Shear Bands of Amorphous Alloys. Nature, 367, no. 6463, pp. 541–543.ADSGoogle Scholar
  30. Christman, T., Heady, K., and Vreeland, T., Jr. (1991) Consolidation of Ti-SiC Carticle-Reinforced Metal-Matrix Composites. Scripta Metallurgica et Materialia, 25, no. 3, pp. 631–636.Google Scholar
  31. Cross, A. (1959) Try Hot Explosive-Compaction for Sintered Powder Products. Iron Age, 184, no. 26, December, pp. 48–50.Google Scholar
  32. Decarli, P.S., and Jamieson, J.C. (1959) Formation of an Amorphous Form of Quartz under Shock Conditions. J. Chem. Phys. 31, no. 6, pp. 1675–1677.ADSGoogle Scholar
  33. Deribas, A.A., Staver, A.M., Nesterenko, V.F., Lihodid, E.P., and Mironov, V.M. (1975) Unpublished results.Google Scholar
  34. Deribas, A.A. (1986) Industrial Applications of Explosive Working. In: Proceedings of IX International Conference on High Energy Rate Fabrication (Edited by V.F. Nesterenko and I.V. Yakovlev). Lavrentyev Institute of Hydrodynamics and Special Design Office of High-Rate Hydrodynamics, Novosibirsk, pp. 13–39 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  35. Deribas, A.A., Nesterenko, V.F., and Staver, A.M. (1976) The Separation of Components in Explosive Compaction of Multicomponent Materials. In: Proceedings of III International Symposium on Metal Explosive Working, Marianske Lazni, Chehoslovakia, Semtin, Pardubice, Chehoslovakia, Vol. 2, pp. 367–372 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  36. Deribas, A.A., and Staver, A.M. (1974) Shock Compression in Porous Cylindrical Bodies. Fizika Goreniya i Vzryva, 10, no. 4, pp. 568–578 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  37. Deribas, A.A. (1980) Physics of Explosive Hardening and Welding. Nauka, Novosibirsk.Google Scholar
  38. Elagin, D.V., Korobov, O.S., Molotkov, A.B. et al. (1986) The Influence of Crystallization Conditions and Technical Treatment on Structure and Phase Content of Ti-Al Alloy. Metals, Izvestiya of USSR Academy of Sciences, no. 5, pp. 123–128 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  39. Fan, G.J., Quan, M.X., Hu, Z.Q., Loser, W., and Eckert, J. (1999) Deformation- Induced Microstructural Changes in Fe40Ni40P14B6 Glass. J. Mater. Res. 14, no. 9, pp. 3765–3774.ADSGoogle Scholar
  40. Ferreira, A. (1989) PhD thesis, New Mexico Tech., Soccorro.Google Scholar
  41. Ferreira, A., Meyers, M.A., and Thadhani, N.N., Chang, S.N., and Kough, J.R. (1991) Dynamic Compaction of Titanium Aluminides by Explosively Generated Shock Waves; Experimental and Materials Systems. Metallurgical Transactions, 22A, pp. 685–695.ADSGoogle Scholar
  42. Ferreira, A., Meyers, M.A., and Thadhani, N.N. (1992) Dynamic Compaction of Titanium Aluminides by Explosively Generated Shock Waves; Microstructure and Mechanical Properties. Metallurgical Transactions, 23A, pp. 3251–3261.ADSGoogle Scholar
  43. Frenkel, J. (1955) Kinetic Theory of Liquids. Dover, New York, pp. 102, 130.Google Scholar
  44. Friend, CM., and MacKenzie, P.J. (1987) Fabrication of Multi-Laminar Metallic Glass/Aluminium Composites by Explosive Compaction. J. Mater. Sci., 6, no. 1, pp. 103–105.Google Scholar
  45. Fujii, Y., and Kowaka, M. (1985) The Pressure Induced Metallic Amorphous State of Snl4: I. A Novel Crystal—to Amorphous Transition Studied by X-Ray Scattering. J. Phys. C (Solid State Physics), 18, pp. 789–797.ADSGoogle Scholar
  46. German, R.M. (1996) Sintering Theory and Practice. Wiley, New York.Google Scholar
  47. Gorelik, S.S., Rastorguev, L.P., and Skakov, Yu.A. (1960) X-Ray and Electron Optic Analysis. Metallurgiya, Moscow, p. 145 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  48. Gorobtsov, V.G., and Roman, O.V. (1975) Hot Explosive Pressing of Powders. Int. J. Powder Metal, & Powder Technology, 11, no. 1, pp. 55–60.Google Scholar
  49. Goswami, R., Sampath, S., Herman, H., and Parise, J.B. (1999) Shock Synthesis of Nanocrystalline Si by Thermal Spraying. J. Mater. Res., 14, no. 9, pp. 3489–3492.ADSGoogle Scholar
  50. Gourdin, W.H., Echer, CL., Cline, CF., and Tanner, L.E. (1981) Microstructure of Expolosively Compacted Aluminum Nitride Ceramic. Preprint, Lawrence Livermore Laboratory, UCRL-8527.Google Scholar
  51. Gourdin, W.H., (1984a) The Analysis of the Localized Microstructural Changes in Dynamically Consolidated Metal Powders. In: Proceedings of International Conference on High Energy Rate Fabrication, San Antonio, NM, pp. 85–92.Google Scholar
  52. Gourdin W.H. (1984b) Energy Deposition and Microstructural Modification in Dynamically Consolidated Metal Powders. J. Applied Phys., 55, no. 1, pp. 172–181.ADSGoogle Scholar
  53. Gourdin, W.H. (1984c) Prediction of Microstructural Modification in Dynamically Consolidated Metal Powders. In: Shock Waves in Condensed Matter—1983: Proceedings of American Physical Society Topical Conference (Edited by J.R. Asay, R.A. Graham, and G.K. Straub). Elsevier Science, Amsterdam, pp. 379–382.Google Scholar
  54. Graham, R.A. (1993) Solids Under High-Pressure Shock Compression. Springer- Verlag, New York.Google Scholar
  55. Gratz, A.J., Nellis, W.J., Christie, J.M., Brocious, W., Swegle, W., and Cordier, P.(1992) Shock Metamorphism of Quartz with Initial Temperatures -170 to +1000 °C. Phys. Chem. Minerals, no. 19, pp. 267–288.ADSGoogle Scholar
  56. Grigorovich, V.K., Sheftel, E.P., Polyakova, LR., and Mkrtumov, A.S. (1986) The Dispersion Hardening of Sendast. Izvestiya of USSR Academy of Sciences (Metals), no. 4, pp. 144–138 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  57. Hare, A.W., Murr, L.E., and Carlson, F.P. (1984) Implosive Consolidation of a Particle Mass Including Amorphouse Materials. Pat. 4.490.329 USA, IC B22F1/00; B22F1/02, Publ. 12.25. 84.Google Scholar
  58. He, Y., and Schwarz, R.B. (1996) Bulk Amorphous Metallic Alloys: Synthesis by Fluxing Techniques and Properties. Journal of Metals (Abstracts of 1997 TMS Annual Meeting), November, p. 31.Google Scholar
  59. Heczko, O., and Ruuskanen, P. (1993) Magnetic Properties of Compacted Alloy Fe73.5Cu7Nb3Sil3.5B9 in Amorphous and Noncrystalline State. IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, 29, no. 6, pt. 1, pp. 2670–2672.ADSGoogle Scholar
  60. Hemley, R.J., Jephcoat, A.P., Mao, H.K., Ming, L.C., and Manghnani, M.H. (1988) Pressure-Induced Amorphization of Crystalline Silica. Nature, 334, no. 6177, pp. 52–54.ADSGoogle Scholar
  61. Herbst, J.A., and Sepulveda, J.L. (1978) Fundementals of Fine and Ultrafine Grinding in a Stirred Ball Mill. In: Proceedings of the International Powder and Bulk Solids Handling and Processing Conference, Rosemont, Illinois, May 16–18, Industrial and Scientific Conference Management, Chicago, Illinois, pp. 452–470.Google Scholar
  62. Inoe, A. (1996) Ferromagnetic Bulk Amorphous Alloys. Journal of Metals (Abstracts of 1997 TMS Annual Meeting), November, p. 31.Google Scholar
  63. Ishakov, R.S., Kirko, V.I., Kuzovnikov, A.A. et al. (1984) Investigation of the Structure of the Bulk Amorphous Ferromagnetic Alloy Co58Ni10Fe5B16Si11 Obtained by Explosive Compaction Based on the Local Magnetic Anisotropy Characteristics. Preprint 265f, Kirenskii Institute of Physics. Siberian Branch USSR Academy of Sciences, Krasnoyarsk, 31 pp. (in Russian).Google Scholar
  64. Jain, M., and Christman, T. (1994) Synthesis, Processing, and Deformation of Bulk Nanophase Fe-28Al-2Cr Intermetallic. Acta Metallurgica et Materialia, 42, no. 6, pp. 1901–1911.ADSGoogle Scholar
  65. Jain, M., and Christman, T. (1996) Formation of Fine Nanocrystalline Microstructure in Bulk Fe-28Al-2Cr. Nanostructured Materials, no. 7, pp. 719–723.Google Scholar
  66. Kasiraj, P., Vreeland, T. Jr., Schwarz, R.B., and Ahrens TJ. (1984a) Shock Consolidation of a Rapidly Solidified Steel Powder. Acta Metall, 32, no. 8, pp. 1235–1241.Google Scholar
  67. Kasiraj, P., Vreeland, T. Jr., Schwarz, R.B., and Ahrens, T.J. (1984b) Mechanical Properties of a Shock Consolidated Steel Powder. In: Shock Waves in Condensed Matter—1983: Proceedings of American Physical Society Topical Conference (Edited by J.R. Asay, R.A. Graham, and G.K. Straub). Elsevier Science, Amsterdam, pp. 439–442.Google Scholar
  68. Kecskes, L.J., and Hall, I.W. (1995) Hot Explosive Consolidation of W-Ti Alloys. Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, 26A, no. 9, pp. 2407–2414.ADSGoogle Scholar
  69. Kingma, K.J., Meade, C, Hemley, R.J., Ho-Kwang Mao, Veblen, D.R. (1993) Microstructural Observations of Alpha-Quartz Amorphization. Science, 259, no. 5095, pp. 666–669.ADSGoogle Scholar
  70. Kondo, K. (1997) Magnetic Response of Powders to Shock Loading and Fabrication of Nanocrystalline Magnets. In: High-Pressure Shock Compression of Solids IV. Response of Highly Porous Solids to Shock Loading (Edited by L. Davison, Y. Horie, and M. Shahinpoor). Springer-Verlag, New York, pp. 309–330.Google Scholar
  71. Kormer, S.B., Sinitsyn, M.V., Kirillov, G.A., and Urlin, V.D. (1965) Exprimental Determination of Shock Temperatures of NaCl and KCl and Their Melting Curves up to Pressures 700 kbar. J. Exp. Theor. Physics, 48, no. 4, pp. 1038–1049 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  72. Korth, G.E., and Williamson, R.L. (1995) Dynamic Consolidation of Metastable Nanocrystalline Powders. Metall. Mater. Transactions A, 26A, October, pp. 2571–2578.ADSGoogle Scholar
  73. Kostyukov, N.A., and Kuz’min, G.E. 1986) Criteria of Occurrence of “Central-Zone”- Type Macroinhomogeneities in the Shock-Wave Loading of Porous Media. Fizika Goreniya i Vzryva, 22, no. 5, pp. 87–96 (in Russian). English translation: Combustion, Explosion, and Shock Waves, 1987, March, pp. 573–581.Google Scholar
  74. Kruger, M.B. (1990) Memory Glass; an Amorphous Material Formed from A1P04. Science, 249, pp. 647–649.ADSGoogle Scholar
  75. Kul’kov, S.N., Nesterenko, V.F., Bondar’, M.P., Simonov, V.A., Mel’nikov, A.G., and Korolev, P.V. (1993) Explosion Activation of Quench-Hardened ZrO2-Y2O3 Ceramic Submicron Powders. Fizika Goreniya i Vzryva, 29, no. 6, pp. 66–72 (in Russian). English translation: Combustion, Explosion, and Shock Waves, 1993, 29, no. 6, pp. 728–733.Google Scholar
  76. Lazaridi, A.N. (1990) The Influence of Initial Characteristics of Steel Granules and Loading Regimes on the Compact Strength. In: Impulse Treatment of Materials (Edited by A.F. Demchuk, V.F. Nesterenko, V.M. Ogolikhin, A.A. Shtertzer, Y.V. Kolotov, S.A. Pershin, and V.I. Danilevskaya). Special Design Ofice of High- Rate Hydrodynamics and Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics Novosibirsk, pp. 70–86 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  77. Lenon, C.R.A., Williams, J.D., and Bhalla, A.K. (1978) Explosive Compaction of Metal Powders. Powder Metallurgy, 21, no. 1, pp. 29–34.Google Scholar
  78. McQueen, R., and Marsh, S.P. (1960) Equation of State for Nineteen Metallic Elements from Shock-Wave Measurements to Two Megabars. J. Appl. Phys. 31, no. 7, pp. 1253–1269.Google Scholar
  79. Meyers, M.A., Gupta, B.B., and Murr, L.E. (1981) Shock-Wave Consolidation of Rapidly Solidified Superalloy Powders. Journal of Metals, October, pp. 21–26.Google Scholar
  80. Meyers, M.A., and Wang, S.L. (1988) An Improved Method for Shock Consolidation of Powders. Acta Metall, 36, no. 4, pp. 925–936.Google Scholar
  81. Meyers, M.A. (1994) Dynamic Behavior of Materials. Wiley, New York.zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  82. Meyers, M.A., Benson, D.J., and Olevsky, E.A. (1999) Shock Consolidation: Microstructurally-Based Analysis and Computational Modeling. Acta Materialia, 47, no. 7, pp. 2089–2108.Google Scholar
  83. Mineev, V.N., and Savinov, V.V. (1967) Viscosity and Melting Temperature of Al, Pb and NaCl under Shock Compression. J. Exp. Theor. Physics, 52, no. 3, pp. 629–636.Google Scholar
  84. Molotkov, A.V., Notkin, A.B., Elagin, D.V., Nesterenko, V.F., and Lazaridi, A.N. (1987) Investigation of the Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Compacts after Explosive Compactioin of Ti-34A1 Alloy. In: Metallurgiya Granul, Extended Abstracts of the Second All Union Conference on Metallurgy of Granules, Ull-Union Institute for Light Alloys, Moscow, pp. 201–203 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  85. Molotkov, A.V., Notkin, A.B., Elagin D.V., Nesterenko V.F., and Lazaridi, A.N. (1991) Microstructure after Heat Treatment for Explosive Compacts Made from Granules of Rapidly Quenched Titanium Alloys. Fizika Goreniya i Vzryva, 27, no. 3, pp. 117–126 (in Russian). English translation: Combustion, Explosion, and Shock Waves, November 1991, pp. 377–384.Google Scholar
  86. Morris, D.G. (1980) Compaction and Mechanical Properties of Metallic Glass. Metal Sci., 14, June, pp. 215–220.Google Scholar
  87. Morris, D.G. (1981) Melting and Solidification During Dynamic Compaction of Tool Steel. Metal Sci., March, pp. 116–124.Google Scholar
  88. Morris, D.G. (1982a) Rapid-Solidification Phenomena. Metal Sci., October, pp. 457–466.Google Scholar
  89. Morris, D.G. (1982b) The Properties of Dynamically Compacted Metglass 2826. J. Mater. Sci, 17, pp. 1789–1894.ADSGoogle Scholar
  90. Morris, M.A., and Leboeuf, M. (1997) Grain-Size Refinement of y-Ti-Al Alloys; Effect on Mechanical Properties. Materials Science and Engineering, A224, pp. 1–11.Google Scholar
  91. Negishi, T., Ogura, T., Ishii, H. et al. (1985) Dynamic Compaction of Amorphouse Ni75Si8B17 and Pd78Cu6Si16 Alloys. Mater. Sci., no. 20, pp. 299–306.Google Scholar
  92. Nellis, W.J., Maple, M.B., and Geballe, T.H. (1988) Synthesis of Metastable Superconductors by High Dynamic Pressure. In: Proceedings of the SPIE—The International Society for Optical Engineering, Multifunctional Materials, Los Angeles, CA, 11–12 Jan. 1988, Vol. 878, pp. 2–9.Google Scholar
  93. Nesterenko, V.F. (1975) Electrical Effects under Shock Loading of Metals Contact. Fizika Goreniya i Vzryva 11, 444–456 (in Russian). English translation: Physics of Explosion, Combustion and Shock Waves, 1976, July, 11, pp. 376–385.Google Scholar
  94. Nesterenko, V.F. (1983a) Thermodynamics of Shock Compression of Porous Materials. In: High Pressure in Science and Technology: Proceedings of IX AIRAPT International High Pressure Conference, New York, pp. 195–198.Google Scholar
  95. Nesterenko, V.F. (1983b) Scope for Supercooled Melts by a Dynamic Method. Fizika Goreniya i Vzryva, 19, no. 5, pp. 145–149 (in Russian). English translation: Combustion, Explosion, and Shock Waves, March 1984, pp. 665–667.Google Scholar
  96. Nesterenko, V.F. (1983c) Method to Obtain Supercooled Melts by a Shock Pressure. USSR Patent 176567 (unpublished).Google Scholar
  97. Nesterenko, V.F. (1984) On Possibility of Obtaining Supercooleed Melts by Dynamic Methods. In: Proceedings of International Conference on High Energy Rate Fabrication, San Antonio, NM, pp. 133–135.Google Scholar
  98. Nesterenko, V.F. (1985) Potential of Shock-Wave Methods for Preparing and Compacting Rapidly Quenched Materials. Fizika Goreniya i Vzryva, 21, no. 6, 85–98 (in Russian). English translation: Physics of Explosion, Combustion and Shock Waves, 1986, May, pp. 730–740.Google Scholar
  99. Nesterenko, V.F., and Muzykantov A.V. (1985) Evaluation of Conditions for Retaining an Amorphous Material Structure During Consolidation by Explosion. Fizika Goreniya i Vzryva, 21, no. 2, pp. 120–126 (in Russian). English translation: Combustion, Explosion, and Shock Waves, September 1985, pp. 240–245.Google Scholar
  100. Nesterenko V.F., Lazaridi, A.N. et al. (1985) Explosive Consolidation of Powders of Ti-33A1 Alloy. Final Report #GR 01850003818, Special Design Office of High- Rate Hydrodynamics, Siberian Branch of the USSR Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, 44 p.Google Scholar
  101. Nesterenko, V.F. (1986) Heterogeneous Heating of Porous Materials at Shock Wave Loading and Criteria of Strong Compacts. In: Proceedings of IX International Conference on High Energy Rate Fabrication (Edited by V.F. Nesterenko and I.V. Yakovlev). Lavrentyev Institute of Hydrodynamics and Special Design Office of High-Rate Hydrodynamics, Novosibirsk, pp. 157–163 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  102. Nesterenko V.F., Pershin, S.A., Hinskii, A.P. et al. (1987) Explosive Consolidation of Rapidly Solidified Materials for Electromagnetic Applications. Final Report #GR 01860022255, Special Design Office of High-Rate Hydrodynamics. Siberian Branch of the USSR Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, 62 pp.Google Scholar
  103. Nesterenko, V.F. (1988a) Micromechanics of Powders under Strong Impulse Loading. In: Computer Methods in Theory of Elasticity and Plasticity: Proceedings of X All-Union Conference (Edited by F.M. Fomin). Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, Novosibirsk, pp. 212–220.Google Scholar
  104. Nesterenko, V.F. (1988b) Influence of the Parameters of Powder Internal Structure on the Process of Explosive Compaction. In: Proceedings of International Symposium on Metal Explosive Working. Semtin, Purdubice, Chehoslovakia, Vol. 3, pp. 410–417 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  105. Nesterenko, V.F. (1988c) Nonlinear Phenomena under Impulse Loading of Heterogeneous Condensed Media. Doctor in Physics and Mathematics Thesis, Academy of Sciences, Russia. Lavrentyev Institute of Hydrodynamics, Novosibirsk, Siberian Branch.Google Scholar
  106. Nesterenko, V.F., Lazaridi, A.N., Belyev, N.V., and Pestov, A.M. (1989) Explosive Compaction of Electric Motor Rotors from Hard-Magnetic Materials. In: Procedings of the X International Conference on High-Energy-Rate Fabrication, (Edited by S. Petrovich). Yugoslavia, Ljubliana, pp. 86–91 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  107. Nesterenko, V.F., Pershin, S.A., Tabachnikova, E.D., and Gorshkov, N.N. (1989) Strength Characteristics of Bulk Amorphous Materials. In: Procedeengs of International Seminar on High-Energy Working of Rapidly Solidified Materials and High-Tc Ceramics (Edited by V.F. Nesterenko and A.A. Shtertzer). Special Design Office of High-Rate Hydrodynamics, Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, Novosibirsk, pp. 113–117 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  108. Nesterenko, V.F., Lazaridi, A.N., Pershin, S.A., Miller, V.Ya., Feschiev, N.H., Krystev, M.P., Minev, R.M., and Panteleeva, D.B. (1989) Propeties of Compacts from Rapidly Solidified Granules of Different Sizes after Shock-Wave Consolidation. In: Proceedeings of the International Seminar on High-Energy Working of Rapidly Solidified Materials and High-Tc Ceramics (Edited by V.F. Nesterenko and A.A. Shtertzer). Special Design Office of High-Rate Hydrodynamics, Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechaniucs, Novosibirsk, pp. 118–126 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  109. Nesterenko, V.F., Avvakumov, E.G., Pershin, S.A., Kormilitsyna, Z.A, Lazaridi, A.N., and Yazvitskii, M.Yu. (1989) Shock-Wave Compaction of Mechanically Activated Powder of the System Fe-Nd-B. Fizika Goreniya i Vzryva, 25, no. 5, pp. 148–150 (in Russian). English translation: Combustion, Explosion, and Shock Waves, March 1990, pp. 656–658.Google Scholar
  110. Nesterenko, V.F., and Lazaridi, A.N. (1990) Regimes of Shock-Wave Compaction of Granular Materials. In: High Pressure Science and Technology. Gordon and Breach, New York, Vol. 5, pp. 835–837.Google Scholar
  111. Nesterenko, V.F., Pershin, S.A., Farmakovskii, B.V., Khinskii, A.P., Zolotarev, S.N., Usishchev, N.A., and Novikov, S.N. (1991) Explosive Compaction of Electronic Device Components Made of Amorphous Alloys. Fizika Goreniya i Vzryva, 27, no. 4, p. 104–109 (in Russian). English translation: Combustion, Exlosion, and Shock Waves, January 1992, pp. 485–489.Google Scholar
  112. Nesterenko, V.F. (1992) High-Rate Deformation of Heterogeneous Materials. Nauka, Novosibirsk (in Russian).Google Scholar
  113. Nesterenko, V.F., Panin, V.E., Kulkov, S.N., and Melnikov, A.G. (1992) Modification of Submicron Ceramics under Pulse Loading. High Pressure Research, 10, pp. 791–795.ADSGoogle Scholar
  114. Nesterenko, V.F., Lazaridi, A.N., Molotkov A. V., Notkin A.B., and Elagin D.V. (1993) Method of Fabrication Compacts from Titanium-Aluminum Alloy. Russian patent #1464378, 13 October.Google Scholar
  115. Nesterenko, V.F. (1995) Dynamic Loading of Porous Materials: Potential and Restrictions for Novel Materials Applications. In: Metallurgical and Materials Applications of Shock-Wave and High-Strain-Rate Phenomena, Proceedings of the 1995 International Conference EXPLOMET-95 (Edited by L.E. Murr, K.P. Staudhammer, and M.A. Meyers). Elsevier Science, Amsterdam, pp. 3–13.Google Scholar
  116. Nesterenko, V.F., and Indrakanti, S.S. (1999) Tailoring of Microstructure of Ti-6A1–4V Alloy by Combined Cold Plastic Deformation and Hot Isostatic Pressing”. Constitutive and Damage Modeling of Inelastic Deformation and Phase Transformation, Proceedings of Plasticity ’99 (Edited by A.S. Khan). Cancun, Mexico. NEAT Press, Fulton, MD, pp. 251–254.Google Scholar
  117. Nesterenko, V.F., Indrakanti, S.S., Brar, S. and Gu, Y. (2000a) Long Rod Penetration Test of Hot Isostatically Pressed Ti-Based Targets. In: Shock Compression of Condensed Matter—1999 (Edited by M.D. Furnish, L.C. Chabildas, and R.S. Hixson). AIP, New York, pp. 419–422.Google Scholar
  118. Nesterenko, V.F., Indrakanti, S.S., Brar, S. and Gu, Y. (2000b) Ballistic Performance of Hot Isostatically Pressed (HIPed) Ti-Based Targets. In: Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 177–180, Trans Tech Publications, Switzerland, pp. 243–248.Google Scholar
  119. Olevsky, E.A., (1998) Theory of Sintering: from Discrete to Continuum. Materials Science & Engineering: Reports, 23, no. 2, pp. 41–99.Google Scholar
  120. Oreshin, N.V., Pashkov, O.P., and Tkachev, R.K. (1985) Investigation of the Structure and Properties of Compacts from Ti-based Powder after Shock Wave Consolidation and Subsequent Syntering. In: Metallovedenie i Prochnost Materialov. Volgograd Polytechnical Institute, Volgograd, pp. 59–65 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  121. Otooni, M.A. (1998) Elements of Rapid Solidification: Fundamentals and Applications. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.Google Scholar
  122. Panin, V.E., Nesterenko, V.F., Kulkov, S.N., and Melnikov, A.G. (1991) Crushing of Submicron Ceramic Powder by Impulse Loading, Fizika Goreniya i Vzryva, July-August, 27, no. 4, p. 140 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  123. Peker, A., and Johnson, W.L. (1993) A Highly Processable Metallic Glass: Zr41.2Ti13.8Cu12.5Ni10.0Be22.5. Appl Phys. Lett, 63, no. 17, pp. 2342–2344.ADSGoogle Scholar
  124. Pershin, S.A., and Nesterenko, V.F. (1988) Shear Strain Localization with Pulsed Compaction of Rapidly Quenched Alloy Foils. Fizika Goreniya i Vzryva, 24, no. 6, pp. 120–123 (in Russian). English translation: Combustion, Explosion, and Shock Waves, May 1989, pp. 752–755.Google Scholar
  125. Prummer, R. (1983) Powder Compaction. In: Explosive Welding, Forming and Compaction (Edited by T.Z. Blazynski). London, Applied Science, pp. 381–400.Google Scholar
  126. Prummer, R., and Klemm, W. (1986) Massive Parts of Metallic Glasses Made by Explosive Liquid Phase Sinter Treatment. In: Horizons of Powder Metallurgy, Proceedings of International Powder Metallurgy Conference PM 86, Dusseldorf, July 7–11, pp. 845–850.Google Scholar
  127. Prummer, R. (1987) Explosivverdichtung Pulvriger Substanzen (Grundlagen, Verfahren, Ergebnisse). Springer-Verlag, Berlin (in German).Google Scholar
  128. Prummer, R. (1988) Explosive Compaction of Metallic Glass Powders. Mater. Sci. and Engineering, 98, pp. 461–463.Google Scholar
  129. Psahie, S.G., Korostelev, S.Yu., and Panin, V.E. (1988) About Forming of Domains with Disordered Structure under Shock Propagation in Crystal. Letters to Journal of Technical Physics, 14, no. 12, pp. 1645–1648 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  130. Rakhimov, A.E. (1993) Optical Microstructure of Explosively Compacted Ribbon Toroids from Fe-based Amorphous Alloy. J. Mater. Sci. Lett., 12, pp. 1891–1893.Google Scholar
  131. Raybould, D. (1980) The Cold Welding of Powders by Dynamic Compaction. Int. J. Powder Metallurgy and Powder Technology, 16, no. 1, pp. 1–10.Google Scholar
  132. Raybould, D. (1981) The Properties of Stainless Steel Compacted Dynamically to Produce Cold Interparticle Welding. J. Mat. Sci., 16, pp. 589–598.ADSGoogle Scholar
  133. Raybould, D. (1987) Cold Dynamic Compaction of Pre-Alloyed Titanium and Activated Sintering. In: New Perspective in Powder Metallurgy (Fundamentals, Methods, and Applications), Powder Metallurgy for Full Density Products. Metal Powder Industries Federation, Princeton, NJ, Vol. 8, pp. 575–589.Google Scholar
  134. Roman, O.V., Gorobtsov, V.G., and Mitin, V.S. (1982) Structure and Properties of Fe-based Amorphous Materials. Poroshkovaya Metallurgiya (Minsk), no. 6, pp. 8–13 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  135. Roman, O.V., Bogdanov, A.P., Voloshin, Yu.N. et al. (1983) Structure and Properties of Amorphouse Powders after Explosive Loading. Metallovedenie I Termicheskaya Obrabotka Metallov, no. 10, pp. 57–59 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  136. Roman, O.V., Gorobtsov, V.G., Pikus, I.M., Boltuts, D. Yu., and Mirilenko, A.P. (1986) The Analysis of the Processes of Shock Loading of Rapidly Solidified Materials. In: Procedeengs of IX International Conference on High Energy Rate Fabrication (Edited by V.F. Nesterenko and I.V. Yakovlev). Lavrentyev Institute of Hydrodynamics, Special Design Office of High-Rate Hydrodynamics, Novosibirsk, pp. 179–182 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  137. Salli, I.V. (1972) Crystallization at Ultrahigh Cooling Rates. Naukova Dumka, Kiev (in Russian).Google Scholar
  138. Schwarz, R.B., Kasiraj, P., Vreeland, T.Jr., and Ahrens T.J. (1984a) A Theory for the Shock-Wave Consolidation of Powders. Acta Metall, 32, no. 8, pp. 1243–1252.Google Scholar
  139. Schwarz, R.B., Kasiraj, P., Vreeland, T. Jr., and Ahrens, T.J. (1984b) The Effect of Shock Duration on the Dynamic Consolidation of Powder. In: Shock Waves in Condensed Matter—1983: Proceedings of American Physical Society Topical Conference (Edited by J.R. Asay, R.A. Graham, and G.K. Straub). Elsevier Science, Amsterdam, pp. 435–438.Google Scholar
  140. Sekhar, J.A., Mohan, M., Divaker, C, and Singh, A.K. (1984) Rapid Solidification by Application of High Pressure. Scripta Metall, 18, no. 1, pp. 1327–1330.Google Scholar
  141. Sekhar, J.A. (1986) Rapid Pressure Application During Solidification. In: Metallurgical Applications of Shock-Wave and High-Strain-Rate Phenomena (Edited by L.E. Murr, K.P. Staudhammer, and M.A. Meyers). Marcel Dekker, New York, pp. 1083–1084.Google Scholar
  142. Sekine, T. (1997) Shock Synthesis of Materials. In: High-Pressure Shock Compression of Solids TV. Response of Highly Porous Solids to Shock Loading (Edited by L. Davison, Y. Horie, and M. Shahinpoor). Springer-Verlag New York, pp. 289–308.Google Scholar
  143. Shang, S.-S., and Meyers, M.A. (1991) Shock Densification/Hot Isostatic Pressing of Titanium Aluminide. Metallurgical Transactions A, 22A, no. 11, pp. 2667–2676.ADSGoogle Scholar
  144. Shang, S.-S., and Meyers, M.A. (1996) Dynamic Consolidation/Hot Isostatic Pressing of SiC. Journal of Materials Science, 31, no. 1, pp. 252–261.ADSGoogle Scholar
  145. Shtertser, A.A. (1988) Transmission of Pressure in Porous Media under Explosive Loading. Fizika Goreniya i Vzryva, 24, no. 5, pp. 113–119 (in Russian). English translation: Combustion, Explosion, and Shock Waves, 1988, 24, no. 5, pp. 610–615.Google Scholar
  146. Shtertser, A.A. (1993) Effect of the Particle Surface State on the Particle Consolidation in Explosive Compacting of Powdered and Granular Materials. Fizika Goreniya i Vzryva, 29, no. 6, pp. 72–78 (in Russian). English translation: Combustion, Explosion, and Shock Waves, 1993, 29, no. 6, pp. 734–739.Google Scholar
  147. Sikka, S.K., and Sharma, S.M. (1992) Close Packing and Pressure-Induced Amorphization. Current Science, 63, no. 6, pp. 317–320.Google Scholar
  148. Sikka, S.K., Sharma, S.M., and Chidambaram, R. (1994) Steric Constraints: A Powerful Criterion to Predict the Onset of Phase Transitions in Molecular Solids under Pressure. In: High-Pressure Science and Technology-1993 (Edited by S.C. Schmidt, J.W. Shaner, G.A. Samara, and M. Ross). AIP Press, New York, pp. 213–216.Google Scholar
  149. Sivakumar, K., Bhat, T.B., and Ramakrishnan, P. (1996) Dynamic Consolidation of Aluminium and Al-20 V/o SiCp Composite Powders. Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 62, pp. 191–198.Google Scholar
  150. Somayazulu, M.S., Sharma, S.M., Sikka, S.K., Garg, N., and Chaplot, S.L. (1994) Molecular Dynamical Calculations of a-Quartz Implications for Shock Results. In: High-Pressure Science and Technology—1993 (Edited by S.C. Schmidt, J.W. Shaner, G.A. Samara, and M. Ross). AIP Press, New York, pp. 815–818.Google Scholar
  151. Staudhammer, K.P. (1999) Fundamental Temperature Aspects in Shock Consolidation of Metal Powders. In: Powder Materials: Current Research and Industrial Practices, (Edited by F.D.S. Marquis). The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society, Warrendale, PA, pp. 317–325.Google Scholar
  152. Staver, A.M. (1981) Metallurgical Effects under Shock Compression of Powder Materials. In: Shock Waves and High-Strain-Rate Phenomena in Metals. Concepts and Applications (Edited by M.A. Meyers, L.E. Murrj). Plenum Press, New York, pp. 865–880.Google Scholar
  153. Stishov, S.M. (1968) Melting at High Pressures. Uspehi Phisicheskih Nauk, 96, no. 3, pp. 467–496 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  154. Stolyarov, V.V., Zhu, Y.T., Lowe, T.C., Islamgaliev, R.K., and Valiev, R.Z. (2000) Processing Nanocrystalline Ti and its Nanocomposites from Micrometer-Sized Ti Powder Using High Pressure Torsion. Materials Science and Engineering A, A282, nos. 1–2, pp. 78–85.Google Scholar
  155. Susie, M.V., Minelic, B., and Uskokovic, D.P. (1990) Crystallization Kinetics and Thermal Stability of Shock-Compacted Amorphous Ni78P22. Materials Letters, 9, nos. 5/6, pp. 215–218.Google Scholar
  156. Tabachnikova, E.D., Diko, P., Miskuf, J., Csach, K., Nesterenko, V.F., and Pershin, S.A. (1990) Strength Characteristics and Special Features of Failure of Volume Amorphous Alloys in the Temperature Range 300–4.2 K. Kovove Materialy, 1990, 28, no. 4, pp. 386–395 (in Czech). English translation: Metallic Materials, 1990, 28, no. 4, pp. 222–226.Google Scholar
  157. Takagi, M., Kawamura, Y., Araki, M., Kuroyama, Y., and Imura, T. (1988) Preparation of Bulk Amorphous Alloys by Explosive Consolidation and Properties of the Prepared Bulk. Materials Science and Engineering, 98, pp. 457–460.Google Scholar
  158. Taniguchi, T., and Kondo, K. (1988) Hot Shock Compaction of Alpha-Alumina Powder. Advanced Ceramic Materials, 3, no. 4, pp. 399–402.Google Scholar
  159. Tong, W., Ravichandran, G., Christman, T., and Vreeland, T., Jr. (1995) Processing SiC-Particulate Reinforced Titanium-Based Metal Matrix Composites by Shock Wave Consolidation. Acta Metallurgica et Materialia, 43, no. 1, pp. 235–250.Google Scholar
  160. Tonkov, E.Yu. (1979) Phase Diagrams of Elements at High Pressures. Nauka, Moscow (in Russian).Google Scholar
  161. Tse, J.S., and Klug, D.D. (1991) Mechanical Instability of a-Quartz; A Molecular Dynamics Study. Phys. Rev. Lett., 67, no. 25, pp. 3559–3562.ADSGoogle Scholar
  162. Tunaboylu, B., McKittrick, J., Nellis, W.J., and Nutt, S. (1994) Dynamic Compaction of Al2O3-ZrO2 Compositions. J. Am. Ceram. Soc, 77, no. 6, pp. 1605–1612.Google Scholar
  163. Valiev, R.Z., Lowe, T.C., and Mukherjee, A.K. (2000) Understanding the Unique Properties of SPD-Induced Microstructures. Journal of Metals, 52, no. 4, pp. 37–40.Google Scholar
  164. Vertman, A.A., Epanchintsev, O.G., Zvezdin, V.I., Nesterenko, V.F., Pershin, S.A., Revdel, M.P., and Rodina, T.S. (1989) Preparation of High Coercivity Materials of the System Mn-Al-C by Explosive Compaction. Fizika Goreniya i Vzryva, Nov.-Decem. 1989, 25, no. 6, pp. 120–124 (in Russian). English translation: Combustion, Explosion, and Shock Waves, May 1990, pp. 772–775.Google Scholar
  165. Vreeland, T., Kasiraj, P., Ahrens, T., and Schwarz, R.B. (1983) Shock Consolidation of Powder—Theory and Experiment. In: Proceedings of Mat. Res. Soc. Annual Meeting, Boston, pp. 18–25.Google Scholar
  166. Vukcevic, M., Glisic, S., and Uskokovic, D. (1993) Dynamic Compaction of Al-Li-X Powder Obtained by a Rotating Electrode Process. Materials Science and Engineering, A168, pp. 5–10.Google Scholar
  167. Wang, S.L., Meyers, M.A., and Szecket, A. (1988) Warm Consolidation of IN 718 Powder. J. Mat. Science, 29, pp. 1786–1804.ADSGoogle Scholar
  168. Wilkins, M.L. (1984) Dynamic Powder Compaction. In: Proceedings of International Conference on High Energy Rate Fabrication, San Antonio, NM, pp. 63–69.Google Scholar
  169. Yoshida, M., Yoshioka, Y., Kimura, Y., Hirabayashi, H., Sawaoka, A.B., and Prummer, R.A. (1991) In: Aerospace, Refractory and Advanced Materials. Advances in Powder Metallurgy. Metal Powder Industries Federation, Princeton, NJ, Vol. 6, pp. 199–209.SPIGoogle Scholar
  170. Yu, L.H., and Meyers, M.A. (1992) Shock Synthesis of Silicides. In: Shock-Wave and High-Strain-Rate Phenomena in Materials, Proceedings of the 1995 International Conference EXPLOMET—90, San Diego (Edited by M.A. Meyers, L.E. Murr, and K.P. Staudhammer). Marcel Dekker, New York, pp. 303–309.Google Scholar
  171. Zhang, T., Inoue, A., and Masumoto, T. (1991) Amorphous Zr-Al-TM (TM-Co,Ni,Cu) Alloys with Significant Supercooled Liquid Region of Over 100 K. Materials Transactions, JIM, 32, no. 11, pp. 1005–1010.Google Scholar
  172. Zolotarev, S.N., Denisova, O.N., Nesterenko, V.F., Pershin, S.A., and Lazaridi, A.N. (1989) Explosive Compacts from Amorphous Soft-Magnetic Alloys. In: Proceedeings of the International Seminar on High-Energy Working of Rapidly Solidified Materials and High-Tc Ceramics (Edited by V.F. Nesterenko and A.A. Shtertzer). Special Design Office of High-Rate Hydrodynamics, Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechaniucs, Novosibirsk, pp. 97–112 (in Russian).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vitali F. Nesterenko
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical and Aerospace EngineeringUniversity of California at San DiegoLa JollaUSA

Personalised recommendations