Principles of Convective Heat Transfer pp 491-580 | Cite as

# Solid-Solid-Fluid Systems

## Abstract

In this chapter the heat transfer in solid-solid-fluid systems with thermal *nonequilibrium* between the phase pairs will be examined. In the simplest of these systems, *one* of the solid phases has a *simple* geometry and *bounds* (in part) the other solid phase and the fluid phase. The second solid phase can be *dispersed* (as elements) into the fluid, and when there is *no phase change* this will be the *particles-fluid flow around solid surfaces*. These particles-fluid flows are divided into two classes. One is the *particulate flows*, where the fluid velocity is *high* enough such that there is a *net* (in the cross-section of the tube or channel) flow of particles. The second class is the *fluidized beds*, where the fluid velocity is *low* enough such that *ideally* there is *no net* (in the cross-section of the bed) flow of particles (i.e., particles *recirculate* in the bed). Chart 7.1 is based on this classification and gives further divisions in each class of the particles-fluid flow systems. Figures 7.1(a) and (b) render these two systems and shows that in practice there are also surfaces *submerged* in these flows. Figure 7.1(a) is for an internal particulate flow and heat transfer, where the net flow of particles and fluid is *upward* against the gravity vector.

## Keywords

Heat Transfer Nusselt Number Heat Transfer Rate Heat Mass Transfer Particulate Flow## Preview

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