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Fluid-Fluid Systems

  • Massoud Kaviany
Part of the Mechanical Engineering Series book series (MES)

Abstract

In this chapter, we consider fluid-fluid two-phase flows under the condition that the interfacial heat transfer between the two fluids is the principal con-vective heat transfer. We also examine the models describing phasic energy conservation for cases where one of the fluids is dispersed within the other. The heat transfer between a pair of nonvolatile immiscible liquids is of interest in the direct-contact heat exchange, and generally one of the liquids is dispersed. We first consider these liquid-liquid systems and the condition for a liquid-liquid interfacial vapor nucleation. The gas-liquid systems are considered next. These are the most widely encountered fluid-fluid system and occur with or without a continuous interface, with or without a phase change, and with or without a chemical reaction (for multicomponent systems). Since the gases from two different streams brought together mix, the two-medium treatment of the gas-gas systems is limited to the application in the modeling of the low-pressure plasmas heat transfer. There, the heat exchange between the electrons and the heavier species must be addressed. Although this heat exchange is through molecular collisions and is dealt with using the result of the kinetic theory of gases, the two-medium treatment of the electrons and the heavier species, discussed briefly in Section 5.4.5, has similarities with the phasic energy conservation equations used in this chapter and in Chapter 5.

Keywords

Heat Transfer Nusselt Number Heat Mass Transfer Bubble Growth Droplet Evaporation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Massoud Kaviany
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical Engineering and Applied MechanicsUniversity of MichiganAnn ArborUSA

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