Cox Proportional Hazards Regression Model
The Cox proportional hazards model92 is the most popular model for the analysis of survival data. It is a semiparametric model; it makes a parametric assumption concerning the effect of the predictors on the hazard function, but makes no assumption regarding the nature of the hazard function λ(t) itself. The Cox PH model assumes that predictors act multiplicatively on the hazard function but does not assume that the hazard function is constant (i.e., exponential model), Weibull, or any other particular form. The regression portion of the model is fully parametric; that is, the regressors are linearly related to log hazard or log cumulative hazard. In many situations, either the form of the true hazard function is unknown or it is complex, so the Cox model has definite advantages. Also, one is usually more interested in the effects of the predictors than in the shape of λ(t), and the Cox approach allows the analyst to essentially ignore λ(t), which is often not of primary interest.
KeywordsLeft Ventricular Ejection Fraction Hazard Function Failure Time Stratification Factor Martingale Residual
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