Ordinal Logistic Regression

  • Frank E. HarrellJr.
Part of the Springer Series in Statistics book series (SSS)


Many medical and epidemiologic studies incorporate an ordinal response variable. In some cases an ordinal response Y represents levels of a standard measurement scale such as severity of pain (none, mild, moderate, severe). In other cases, ordinal responses are constructed by specifying a hierarchy of separate endpoints. For example, clinicians may specify an ordering of the severity of several component events and assign patients to the worst event present from among none, heart attack, disabling stroke, and death. Still another use of ordinal response methods is the application of rank-based methods to continuous responses so as to obtain robust inferences. For example, the proportional odds model described later allows for a continuous Y and is really a generalization of the Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney rank test.


Ordinal Logistic Regression Proportional Odds Model Ordinal Response Ordinal Model Proportional Odds Assumption 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frank E. HarrellJr.
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiostatisticsVanderbilt University School of MedicineNashvilleUSA

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