Enhancing Private Biomedical Technology: The Role of Federal Programs

  • Steven J. Phillips
Part of the Health Informatics book series (HI)


During the early days of World War II, American soldiers fighting in the scorching sun of the Pacific Islands, working on the decks of ships, or stranded on the open ocean rapidly became victims of incapacitating sunburn. Recognizing the critical need for a skin agent to protect GIs, the government began experimenting with sun-protecting chemicals like red petrolatum, the inert residue that remains after crude oil is processed into gasoline and heating oil. Red petrolatum’s natural red pigments proved to be effective in blocking the sun’s ultraviolet rays, and the Army Air Corps issued it to pilots and crews in case they were downed in the tropics. Dr. Benjamin Green, who assisted the military in developing sunscreens, believed there was a vast, untapped commercial market for sunning products. After the war, he helped develop sunscreen into a creamy white lotion scented with the essence of jasmine, a product that became known as Coppertone.


Technology Transfer Biomedical Technology Advance Research Project Agency Private Sector Health Care Neuroprosthetic Device 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2001

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  • Steven J. Phillips

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