Analysis of Alternative Methods to Dispose of Plutonium

  • Oleg I. Larichev
  • David L. Olson
Chapter

Abstract

Strategic Arms Reduction Treaties between the Soviet Union and the United States led to the need to dismantle many nuclear weapons and to dispose of the nuclear material to minimize security risks. This trend was magnified after the dissolution of the Soviet Union because Russia and the United States have undertaken even deeper reductions in tactical nuclear weapons under reciprocal unilateral initiatives. There are between 10 to 20 thousand excess warheads in the U.S., and at least a similar number in the former Soviet Union, containing well over 100 metric tons of plutonium (Holdren, et al., 1995), one of the most toxic and persistent materials known. Major concerns are to minimize the risk that plutonium could be used by terrorists, to minimize the risk that plutonium could be reintroduced into arsenals, and to strengthen arms control to assure continued arms reductions and to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons.

Keywords

Life Cycle Cost Technical Maturity Light Water Reactor Fissile Material Multiattribute Utility 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Butler, J, Jia, J. and Dyer, J. Simulation Techniques for the Sensitivity Analysis of Multi-criteria Decision Models. European Journal of Operational Research, vol. 103, no. 3, 1997, 531–546.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. DOE-ROD 97 Record of Decision for the Storage and Disposition of Weapons-Usable Fissile Materials Final Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement. United States Department of Energy; Office of Fissile Materials Disposition, January 14, 1997.Google Scholar
  3. DOE-SCR 95 Summary Report of the Screening Process to Determine Reasonable Alternatives for Storage and Disposition of Weaponsusable Fissile Materials, DOE/MD-0002. United States Department of Energy; Office of Fissile Materials Disposition, March 17, 1995.Google Scholar
  4. Drezner, J. A. An Analysis of Weapon System Cost Growth. Rand Corporation, Santa Monica, CA, 1993.Google Scholar
  5. Dyer, J., Edmunds, T., Butler, J. C, and Jia J. Evaluation of Alternatives for the Disposition of Surplus Weapons-usable Plutonium. Amarillo National Resource Center for Plutonium Technical Paper 1997–1. http://www.pu.org/main/reports/reports.html CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Dyer, J., Edmunds, T., Butler, J.C., and Jia, J. A multiattribute utility analysis of alternatives for the disposition of surplus weapons-grade plutonium. Operations Research vol. 46, no. 6, 1998, 749–762.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Garwin, R.L. Options and Choices in the Disposition of Excess Weapon Plutonium. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, vol. 412,1996,3–13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Holdren, J. P., Ahearne, J. F., Budnitz, R. J., Garwin, R. L., May, M. M., Pigford, T. H. and Taylor, J. J. Management and Disposition of Excess Weapons Plutonium: Reactor-Related Options, National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D. C, 1995.Google Scholar
  9. Merrow, E.W. Understanding the Outcome o/Megaprojects: A Quantitative Analysis of Very Large Civilian Projects. Rand Corporation, Santa Monica, CA, 1988.Google Scholar
  10. OFMD. Summary Report of the Screening Process to Determine Reasonable Alternatives for Storage and Disposition of Weapons-Usable Fissile Materials. Final Draft dated March 17, 1995, Washington, D. C.Google Scholar
  11. Weber, M. and Borcherding, K. Behavioral Influences on Weight Judgments in Multiattribute Decision Making. European Journal of Operational Research, 67, 1993, 1–11.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Oleg I. Larichev
    • 1
  • David L. Olson
    • 2
  1. 1.Russian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Texas A&M UniversityUSA

Personalised recommendations