The Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised and Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-III

  • Michael D. Franzen
Part of the Critical Issues in Neuropsychology book series (CINP)


The Wechsler Intelligence Scales are the most popular method of estimating IQ in clinical settings. There have been Spanish (Escala Inteligencia de Wechsler or EIWA) and Japanese translations (Hattori & Lynn, 1997) as well as adaptations for British and for Canadian subjects (Pugh & Boer, 1991). The Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised (WAIS-R; Wechsler, 1981) is, as its name implies, a revised form of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale, which was first published in 1955. There were two main reasons the original version was revised. First, some of the items on the WAIS had become dated and were replaced with more contemporary items. An attempt was also made to make the test more culturefair by including items related to black people and black history. Whether these attempts succeeded is an empirical question. Second, with the passage of three decades, the norms for the WAIS were unlikely to describe deviation intelligence. Scores could be interpreted as deviation IQs from the original sample, not from the general contemporary population.


Short Form Digit Span Psychiatric Inpatient Perceptual Organization Confidence Boundary 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael D. Franzen
    • 1
  1. 1.Allegheny General Hospital and Medical College of Pennsylvania/Hahnemann UniversityPittsburghUSA

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