Tri-Duality in Nonconvex Systems

  • David Yang Gao
Part of the Nonconvex Optimization and Its Applications book series (NOIA, volume 39)


From traditional convex systems to general nonlinear systems, we will study, in this chapter, the generalized duality theory and analytic solutions for one-dimensional nonconvex variational problems with applications to phase transitions, post-bifurcation, nonsmooth elastoplasticity and nonconvex dynamical systems. Because of the nonconvexity, the nice simple symmetry in the governing equations is broken and the beautiful one-to-one global duality relation no longer exists. The solutions in these systems are usually not unique. But, by introducing a suitable nonlinear operator A, a generalized framework may still be established for many systems. The resulting triality theory reveals interesting local dualities (see Fig. 3.1, the associated problem is given in Example 3.3).


Dual Solution Finite Deformation Quadratic Operator Complementary Energy Duality Principle 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Yang Gao
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of MathematicsVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State UniversityBlacksburgUSA

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