Manual Techniques of Cardiac Catheterization: Vessel Entry and Catheter Manipulation

  • Stanton B. Perry


For years, most pediatric catheterizations were performed using the umbilical or femoral vessels. Over the last several years use of the subclavian, internal jugular and hepatic veins has become more common, not only as backups for the femoral vein, but as the preferred site for some procedures. Though uncommonly used, the axillary and carotid arteries provide alternatives to the femoral artery.


Pulmonary Artery Left Atrium Patent Ductus Arteriosus Internal Jugular Vein Superior Vena Cava 
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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2000

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  • Stanton B. Perry

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