The Story of Human and Societal Evolution: The Evolutionary Journey of Our Ancestors

  • Bela H. Banathy
Part of the Contemporary Systems Thinking book series (CST)


In the previous chapter we traced the development of the evolutionary idea through the ages. Over a period of two millennia, starting with the Greek classical movement, we visited with philosophers and scientists who contemplated evolution in general and human and societal evolution in particular. We heard a great variety of ideas, most of them speculations but some providing rare insights. It was not until the nineteenth century that our journey led to a great discovery: evolutionary science. The lifelong work of Lamarck, Darwin, Wallace, and Spencer drastically changed the evolutionary idea landscape from one of hazy features to a clearly formed scholarly endeavor. From the work of these pioneers, the domain of evolutionary science exploded into a cross-disciplinary science, the literature of which takes up whole sections in libraries.


Design Space Stone Tool Fossil Evidence Home Base Symbolic Code 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bela H. Banathy
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Saybrook Graduate School and Research CenterSan FranciscoUSA
  2. 2.International Systems InstituteCarmelUSA

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