Assessment of Vascular Patients and Indications for Therapy

  • Christian de Virgilio


Evaluation of the vascular patient requires a systematic approach that begins with the history and physical examination, generally followed by noninvasive studies to obtain a more quantitative estimation of the degree of vascular compromise. The decision to perform more invasive studies or to proceed to endovascular therapy must be individualized but is dependent in large part on the findings of the history, physical examination, and noninvasive studies. The following sections outline the principles of vascular patient assessment and the indications for endovascular therapy.


Renal Artery Magnetic Resonance Angiography Aortic Aneurysm Renal Artery Stenosis Superficial Femoral Artery 
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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1999

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  • Christian de Virgilio

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