• Leland Wilkinson
Part of the Statistics and Computing book series (SCO)


Statistics state the status of the state. All four s words derive from the Greek στάσισ and Latin status, or standing. Standing (for humans) is a state of being, a condition that represents literally or figuratively the active status of an individual, group, or state. Modern statistics as a discipline arose in the early 18th century, when collection of data about the state was recognized as essential to serving the needs of its constituents. This Enlightenment perspective gave rise not only to the modern social sciences, but also to mathematical methods for analyzing data measured with error (Stigler, 1983).


Minimum Span Tree Delaunay Triangulation Graph Function Fiddler Crab Geometric Graph 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Leland Wilkinson
    • 1
  1. 1.SPSS Inc.ChicagoUSA

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