• Leland Wilkinson
Part of the Statistics and Computing book series (SCO)


Semantics is derived from the Greek σημα, or sign. This same word underlies the title of Bertin’s Semiology of Graphics. In linguistics, semantics involve questions of meaning. In this concluding chapter, I intend to show how the grammar of graphics can inform our understanding of the meaning of graphics. With Pinker (1990) and MacEachren (1995), I believe that understanding the meaning of a graphic is a lexical task. The syntactical information is expressed in its grammar and its semantic information is encapsulated in its associated data. We will examine this proposition through a detailed analysis of two statistical graphics.


Statistical Graphic Syntactical Information Monarch Butterfly Path Graphic Graphic Algebra 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Leland Wilkinson
    • 1
  1. 1.SPSS Inc.ChicagoUSA

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