• Leland Wilkinson
Part of the Statistics and Computing book series (SCO)


The word read, according to the Oxford English Dictionary, has obscure origins in Old English, French, and other Indo-European languages. Its earlier meanings have mostly to do with giving counsel, considering, expounding, or explaining something obscure. Its modern association with text derives from the older sense of understanding, rather than just looking. This interpretation suits our purposes, because a reader in this sense is someone who can parse and understand a graphic, including both text and image. This chapter introduces the design of a graphics reader.


Word Read Graphic Grammar Oxford English Dictionary Scene Graph Graph Schema 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Leland Wilkinson
    • 1
  1. 1.SPSS Inc.ChicagoUSA

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