• Kathryn J. Hannah
  • Marion J. Ball
  • Margaret J. A. Edwards
Part of the Health Informatics book series (HI)


A major concern for nursing informatics is ergonomics. The word “ergonomics ” comes from the Greek words “ergo, ” meaning work, and “nomos, ”meaning law. Ergonomics, a relatively new science, looks at the application of physiological, psychological, and engineering principles to the interaction between people and machines. Ergonomics attempts to define working conditions that will enhance individual health, safety, comfort, and productivity. This can be done by recognizing three things: the physiological, anatomical, and psychological capabilities and limitations of people, the tools they use, and the environments in which they function.


Display Screen Infrastructure Element Informatics Environment Video Display Terminal Wrist Angle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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  2. Murray, W.E., Cox, C., Moss, C., and Parr, W. A Radiation and Industrial Hygiene Survey of Video Display Terminal Operation.Cincinnati: National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health, 1981.Google Scholar
  3. TFMS. “Understand display screen ergonomics.” System Concepts Ltd. 1996. 18 pg. Online. Available:

Additional Resources

  1. Bragg, T.L. An ergonomics program for the health care setting. Nursing Management 1996; 27 (7): 58–62.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Hasler, R.A. Human factors design: What is it and how it can affect you? Journal of Intravenous Nursing 1996; 19 (3S): S5–8.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. TFMS. Using ergonomics standards for procurement and design. System Concepts Ltd. 15 pg. Online. Available:
  4. Swanson, N.G., et al. NIOSH exploratory study on keyboard design finds no major differences in user comfort, fatigue. 2 pg. Online. Available:
  5. Stewart, T. Ergonomics standards concerning human-system interaction: Visual displays, controls and environmental requirements. Applied Ergonomics 1995; 26 (4): 271–274.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kathryn J. Hannah
    • 1
    • 2
  • Marion J. Ball
    • 3
    • 4
  • Margaret J. A. Edwards
    • 5
  1. 1.Health InformaticsSierra Systems Consultants, Inc.CalgaryCanada
  2. 2.Department of Community Health Science, Faculty of MedicineUniversity of CalgaryCalgaryCanada
  3. 3.Department of EpidemiologyUniversity of Maryland School of MedicineUSA
  4. 4.First Consulting GroupBaltimoreUSA
  5. 5.Margaret J.A. Edwards and Associates, Inc.CalgaryCanada

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