Basic Ideas of Probability

  • Kristin E. Voelkl
  • Susan B. Gerber


The notion of chance is commonly used when defining probability. In statistical analysis, a random sample of individuals from the population is chosen in such a way that all possible sample sets have the same chance, or same probability, of being chosen. Although SPSS for Windows is designed primarily to be used for data analysis and not for evaluating probability functions per se, it is possible to demonstrate certain probability concepts with the program. This chapter illustrates “tossing coins” and “rolling dice” using SPSS. All of the procedures discussed in this chapter involve sampling with replacement; using this approach, the probability of a particular outcome is not changed regardless of the outcome(s) that preceded it.


Bernoulli Distribution Question Mark Fair Coin Probability Concept Round Function 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kristin E. Voelkl
    • 1
  • Susan B. Gerber
    • 2
  1. 1.Research Institute on AddictionsBuffaloUSA
  2. 2.SUNY at BuffaloBuffaloUSA

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