The Use of Sub-Mucosal Collagen in the Small Bladder Associated with Bladder Exstrophy

  • Paolo Caione
  • Alberto Lais


A small bladder plate is a common finding in the exstrophic complex. However, today it is usual practice to attempt closing at birth each exstrophic bladder encountered, even the very small ones. This principle was first emphazised by the John Hopkins’ Pediatric Urologists and later accepted by most worldwide.1


Urinary Incontinence Bladder Neck Bladder Exstrophy Collagen Injection Cloacal Exstrophy 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paolo Caione
    • 1
  • Alberto Lais
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Pediatric UrologyBambino Gesù Children’s HospitalRomeItaly

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