Bladder Exstrophy

Therapeutic Alternatives
  • Sami Arap
  • Amilcar M. Giron


Bladder exstrophy is the most common defect among the exstrophic anomalies, which presents a wide spectrum varying from cloacal exstrophy to distal penile epispadias. The child is affected in several ways, involving the genitourinary tract, musculoskelectal system and also the terminal portion of the intestinal tract. Pubic diastasis is the stigma of a spectrum of bladder exstrophy-epispadias complex malformations.


Ureteral Obstruction Acute Pyelonephritis Ileal Conduit Bladder Augmentation Bladder Exstrophy 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sami Arap
    • 1
  • Amilcar M. Giron
    • 1
  1. 1.Divisão Clínica UrológicaHospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina USPSão Paulo-SPBrazil

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