Visual Attention Towards Gestures in Conversation

  • Kenneth Holmqvist
  • Marianne Gullberg


Interactional studies of gaze behaviour have established that listeners will typically focus on a speaker’s face (Fehr and Exline 1987, Yarbus 1967). Gesture research, on the other hand, has shown that listeners actually attend to gestural information (Berger and Popelka 1971; Cassell, McNeill and McCullough, in press; Rogers 1978). However, little is known about how gestural information is attended to visually—foveally or peripherally.


Proficiency Level Communication Disorder Gesture Type Deictic Gesture Gestural Information 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Berger KW, Popelka GR (1971) Extra-facial gestures in relation to speech reading. Journal of Communication Disorders 3: 302–308.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Cassell J, McNeill D, McCullough KE (in press) Speech-gesture mismatches: Evidence for one underlying representation of linguistic and nonlinguistic information. Pragmatics & Cognition.Google Scholar
  3. Fehr BJ, Exline RV (1987) Social visual interaction: A conceptual and literature review. In: Siegman AW, Feldstein S (eds) Nonverbal behavior and communication. Erlbaum, Hillsdale, pp 225–326.Google Scholar
  4. Gullberg M (1998) Gesture as a communication strategy in second language discourse. Lund University Press, Lund.Google Scholar
  5. McNeill D (1992) Hand and mind. What the hands reveal about thought. Chicago University Press, Chicago.Google Scholar
  6. Rogers WT (1978) The contribution of kinesic illustrators toward the comprehension of verbal behavior within utterances. Human Communication Research 5:54–62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Streeck J (1993) Gesture as communication I: Its coordination with gaze and speech. Communication Monographs 60:275–299.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Yarbus A (1967) Eye movements and vision. Plenum Press, New York.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kenneth Holmqvist
    • 1
    • 2
  • Marianne Gullberg
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Cognitive ScienceLund UniversityLundSweden
  2. 2.Department of LinguisticsLund UniversityLundSweden

Personalised recommendations