Summary, Conclusions, and Recommendations
to reveal more about the nature of the standardization phenomenon in general
to discover more about the role of national standardization organizations;
to provide a basis for practical help to actors needing standardization;
to provide a basis for practical help to national standardization organizations.
KeywordsInformation Service Service Organization Standard Development Company Standardization Authority Base
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- 1.With the exception of studies from the chair of standardization at the University of the Federal Armed Forces Hamburg (Hesser & Inklaar, 1997; Hesser & Kleinemeyer, 1994; Kleinemeyer, 1997, Section 3.1).Google Scholar
- 2.Apart from the danger that governments impose additional criteria, they might also have too much influence in priority setting. This applies especially to CEN in its relation to the European Union, which, in turn, influences European NSOs (CEN, 1998b, p. 672). The EU pays 45% of the costs of CEN Central Office (Kommission der Europäischen Gemeinschaften, 1998, p. 653).Google Scholar
- 3.In their book on international standardization of telecommunications Schmidt and Werle (1998, p. 85) mention North’s finding that institutions, once they have emerged, gather momentum, and are more likely to change incrementally than radically.Google Scholar
- 4.And their competition in the area of certification (see Section 7.6).Google Scholar
- 5.Chapters 6, 10, and 13 are used in an ISO project to avoid future incompatibilities between management systems standards — this project might provide data for such a proof-is-in-the-pudding assessment (De Vries & Hortensius, 1998).Google Scholar