What is Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery?
  • Daniel J. Goldstein
  • Mehmet C. Oz
Part of the Contemporary Cardiology book series (CONCARD)


The excitement that began with the introduction of laparoscopic cholecystectomy in the late-1980s has grown to encompass every surgical field. Fueled by commercial interests, patients’ expectations, and surgeons’ fascination with new technologies, minimally invasive surgery has, within a short decade, forever revolutionized the practice of surgery. The unwavering enthusiasm with which minimal invasive surgery has been adopted is reflected by recent predictions that within 5–7 yr, 70% of operative interventions in this country will involve minimal access techniques (1).


Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy Left Anterior Descend Gall Bladder Cancer Minimal Invasive Surgery 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daniel J. Goldstein
  • Mehmet C. Oz

There are no affiliations available

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