Geophysical Aspects

  • Donald A. Nield
  • Adrian Bejan


Most of the studies of convection in porous media published before 1970 were motivated by geophysical applications, and many published since have geophysical ramifications; see, for example, the reviews bys Cheng (1978, 1985b). On the other hand, geothermal reservoir modeling involves several features which are outside the scope of this book. Relevant reviews include those by Donaldson (1982), Grant (1983), O’Sullivan (1985a), Bodvarsson et al. (1986), Bjornsson and Stefansson (1987), Lai et al. (1994), and McKibbin (1998). In this chapter we discuss a number of topics which involve additional physical processes or which led to theoretical developments beyond those which we have already covered.


Rayleigh Number Heat Pipe Porous Layer Magma Chamber Critical Heat Flux 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Donald A. Nield
    • 1
  • Adrian Bejan
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Engineering ScienceUniversity of AucklandAucklandNew Zealand
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical Engineering and Materials ScienceDuke UniversityDurhamUSA

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