A communications transceiver hosts an assortment of filters that cover a wide frequency span (from audio to RF) and vary greatly in performance, depending on their function. Some of these filters can be easily integrated (at low frequencies) while others have yet to be put on a silicon chip. This causes many problems in transceiver design since it increases the component count — and therefore costs — while it raises the requirements from the other circuits in the system, as will be shown later on. The main reasons that keep certain filters out of the chip include the high frequency of operation, the high required quality factor and the stringent specifications in terms of dynamic range and power dissipation. In Fig. 8.1, the receiver part of a super-heterodyne system is shown.


Surface Acoustic Wave Notch Filter Resonant Circuit Negative Resistance Image Rejection 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. [1]
    R.H. Zele and D.J. Allstot, “Low–Power CMOS Continuous–Time Filters,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 31, pp. 157–168, Feb. 1996.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. [2]
    S. Bantas and Y. Papananos, “A W - power continuous - time current - mode filter in a digital CMOS proccess,” IEEE 5th Int. Conf. on VLSI and CAD, pp. 346–348, Seoul - Korea 1997.Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    W. B. Kuhn, Design of Integrated, Low Power, Radio Receivers in BiCMOS Technologies, Ph.D. thesis, Virginia Polytechnic Institute, Dec. 1995.Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    J. C. Haartsen, “Development of a Monolithic Programmable SAW Filter in Silicon,” IEEE MTT-S Digest, pp. 1115–1118, 1990.Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    P. T. M. van Zeijl, J. H. Visser, and L. K. Nanver, “FM Radio Receiver Front - End Circuitry with On - Chip SAW Filters,” IEEE Trans. on Consumer Electr, vol. 35, no. 3, Aug. 1989.Google Scholar
  6. [6]
    Y. P. Tsividis, “Integrated Continuous–Time Filter Design–An Overview,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 29, no. 3, pp. 166–176, Mar. 1994.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. [7]
    Integrated Continuous - Time Filters,“ IEEE Press, Edited by Y. P. Tsividis and J. O. Voorman,1992.Google Scholar
  8. [8]
    S. Pipilos, Y. P. Tsividis, J. Fenk, and Y. Papananos, “A Si 1.8 GHz RLC Filter with Tunable Center–Frequency and Quality Factor,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 31, no. 10, pp. 1517–1525, Oct. 1996.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. [9]
    W. B. Kuhn, W. Stephenson, and A. Elshabini Riad, “A 200 MHz CMOS Q-Enhanced LC Bandpass Filter,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 31, no. 8, pp. 1112–1122, Aug. 1996.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. [10]
    H. L. Krauss, C. W. Bastian, and F. H. Raab, Solid State Radio Engineering, Wiley, New York, 1980.Google Scholar
  11. [11]
    R. Dancan, K. W. Martin, and A. S. Sedra, “Q-Enhanced Active–RLC Bandpass Filter,” IEEE Trans. on Circuits and Systems–II, vol. 44, no. 5, pp. 341–347, May 1997.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. [12]
    J. A. Macedo and M. A. Copeland, “A 1.9–GHz Silicon Receiver with Monolithic Image Filtering,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 378–386, March 1998.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. [13]
    C. Y. Wu and S. Y. Hsiao, “The Design of a 3-V 900 MHz CMOS Bandpass Amplifier,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 159–168, Feb. 1997.Google Scholar
  14. [14]
    N. M. Nguygen and R. G. Meyer, “Si IC - Compatible Inductors and LC Passive Filters,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 1028–1031, Aug. 1990. Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yannis E. Papananos
    • 1
  1. 1.National Technical University of AthensAthensGreece

Personalised recommendations