Oversampling Sigma-Delta A/D converters

Basic concepts and state of the art
  • Fernando Medeiro
  • Angel Pérez-Verdú
  • Angel Rodríguez-Vázquez
Part of the The Springer International Series in Engineering and Computer Science book series (SECS, volume 480)


Oversampling converters, (or those that use a sampling frequency much larger than the Nyquist frequency of the signal being converted, [Stee75]) have become very popular during the last decade. Such success is due to the fact that they can solve some of the problems encountered in other architectures for digital CMOS implementations, mainly the need for high-selectivity analog filters, and large sensitivity to the circuitry imperfections and noisy environs.


Power Spectral Density Quantization Error Quantization Noise Nyquist Frequency Effective Resolution 
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  1. 1.
    An isolated quantizer can be considered as a zero-order modulator.Google Scholar
  2. 1.
    An analysis of the time-domain response of 1 st- and 2nd-order modulators is given in Appendix A.Google Scholar
  3. 1.
    In [Goods95] the study is extended to the static-input third-order modulator case by using the concept of invariant sets. However, the application of this method to higher-order modulators or with dynamic inputs is extremely complex.Google Scholar
  4. 1.
    A similar architecture using a multi-bit quantizer was proposed by Carley [Car187].Google Scholar
  5. 1.
    Note that this problem would not appear if the quantization were single bit, because, that being the case, the D/A converter would be perfectly linear per construction.Google Scholar
  6. 1.
    However, the power consumption of the digital part must be taken into account to realistically compare oversampled with non-oversampled A/D converters [Good96].Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fernando Medeiro
    • 1
  • Angel Pérez-Verdú
    • 1
  • Angel Rodríguez-Vázquez
    • 1
  1. 1.Universidad de SevillaSpain

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