Iron and Steel

  • Rolf E. Hummel


A deeper understanding of the diverse properties of iron and various steels is gained by inspecting the iron-carbon phase diagram. Actually, for the present purposes only the portion up to 6.67% C is of interest; see Figure 8.1.


Cast Iron Ductile Cast Iron Gray Cast Gray Cast Iron Plain Carbon Steel 
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Suggestions for Further Study

  1. R.W.K. Honeycombe, Steels: Microstructure and Properties, 2nd Edition, Arnold, London (1996).Google Scholar
  2. Metals Handbook, Vol 1, Properties and Selection: Irons and Steels and High-Performance Alloys, ASM International, Materials Park, OH (1990).Google Scholar
  3. The Making, Shaping, and Treating of Steel, 10th Edition, AISE, Pittsburgh, PA (1985).Google Scholar
  4. C.F. Walton and T.F. Opav, Editors, Iron Castings Handbook, Iron Castings Society, Des Plaines, IL (1981).Google Scholar
  5. Worldwide Guide to Equivalent Irons and Steels, 2nd Edition, ASM International, Materials Park, OH (1987).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rolf E. Hummel
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA

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