Man’s relationship to gold has always been quite different than his association to stone, copper, bronze, or iron. If iron is considered to be the metal of strength and will, gold may be perceived to appeal, instead, to the forces of the heart. In antiquity, gold was the metal of the gods which was used to create religious vessels, utensils, and sculptures, but also ornaments and articles for adornment. In some ancient cultures, gold was not owned by individuals but belonged to the gods and their representatives on earth. Many poets have lauded gold, which they associated with the sun and its warmth and with wisdom.


Gold Alloy Pure Gold Superheated Water Gold Coin Gold Rush 
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Suggestions for Further Study

  1. L. Aitchison, A History of Metals, Wiley, New York (1960).Google Scholar
  2. R.W. Boyle, Gold, History and the Genesis of Deposits, Nostrand Reinhold, Inc., New York (1987).Google Scholar
  3. T.A. Rickard, Man and Metals, Arno, New York (1974).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rolf E. Hummel
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA

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