Thermal Properties of Materials

  • Rolf E. Hummel


The thermal properties of materials are important whenever heating and cooling devices are designed. Thermally induced expansion of materials has to be taken into account in the construction industry as well as in the design of precision instruments. Heat conduction plays a large role in thermal insulation, for example, in homes, industry, and spacecraft. Some materials such as copper and silver conduct heat very well; other materials, like wood or rubber, are poor heat conductors. Good electrical conductors are generally also good heat conductors. This was discovered in 1853 by Wiedemann and Franz, who found that the ratio between heat conductivity and electrical conductivity (divided by temperature) is essentially constant for all metals.


Heat Capacity Molar Heat Capacity Lattice Atom Copper Aluminum Silver Copper 
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Suggestions for Further Reading

  1. R.E. Hummel, Electronic Properties of Materials, 2nd ed., Springer-Verlag, New York (1993).Google Scholar
  2. C. Kittel and H. Kroemer, Thermal Physics, 2nd Edition, W.H. Freeman, San Francisco, (1980).Google Scholar
  3. J.M. Ziman, Electrons and Phonons, Oxford University Press, Oxford (1960).zbMATHGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rolf E. Hummel
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA

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