The First Materials (Stone Age and Copper-Stone Age)

  • Rolf E. Hummel


Materials have accompanied mankind virtually from the very beginning of his existence. Among the first materials utilized by man were certainly stone and wood, but bone, fibers, feathers, shells, animal skin, and clay also served specific purposes.


Copper Smelting Native Copper Sinai Peninsula Body Painting Copper Ingot 
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Suggestions for Further Study

  1. B. Cunliffe (Editor), The Oxford Illustrated Prehistory of Europe, Oxford University Press, New York (1994).Google Scholar
  2. R.J. Harrison, The Beaker FolkCopper Age Archaeology in Western Europe, Thames and Hudson, London (1980).Google Scholar
  3. D. Lessem, The Iceman, Crown, New York (1994).Google Scholar
  4. J.G. Parr, Man, Metals, and Modern Magic, Greenwood Press, Westport, CT (1958).Google Scholar
  5. R. Raymond, Out of the Fiery FurnaceThe Impact of Metal on the History of Mankind, The Pennsylvania State University Press, University Park, PA (1984).Google Scholar
  6. B. Scheel, Egyptian Metalworking and Tools, Shire Publications, Aylesbury, UK (1989).Google Scholar
  7. C.S. Smith, Metallurgy as a Human Experience, ASM International (formerly American Society of Metals), Materials Park, OH (1977).Google Scholar
  8. K. Spindler, The Man in the Ice, Harmony, New York (1994).Google Scholar
  9. A.J. Wilson, The Living Rock, Woodhead Publications, Cambridge, UK (1994).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rolf E. Hummel
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA

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