Metal Matrix Composites

  • Krishan K. Chawla


Metal matrix composites consist of a metal or an alloy as the continuous matrix and a reinforcement that can be particle, short fiber or whisker, or continuous fiber. In this chapter, we first describe important techniques to process metal matrix composites, then we describe the interface region and its characteristics, properties of different metal matrix composites, and finally, we summarize different applications of metal matrix composites.


Carbon Fiber Molten Metal Metal Matrix Composite Aluminum Matrix Metallic Matrix 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. M.K. Aghajanian, J.T. Burke, D.R. White, and A.S. Nagelberg (1989). SAMPE Quart., 34, 817–823.Google Scholar
  2. R.J. Arsenault and R.M. Fisher (1983). Scripta Met, 17, 67.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. R.J. Arsenault and N. Shi (1986). Mater. Sci Eng., 81, 175.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. D.K. Balch, T.J. Fitzgerald, V.J. Michaud, A. Mortensen, Y.-L. Shen, and S. Suresh (1996). Metall, and Mater. Trans. A., 27A, 3700.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. A.A. Baker and C. Shipman (1972). Fibre Sci. & Tech., 5, 282.Google Scholar
  6. E.V. Barrera, J. Sims, D.L. Callahan, V.J. Provenzano, J. Milliken, and R.L. Holtz (1994). J. Mater. Res., 9, 2662.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. A.R. Champion, W.H. Krueger, H.S. Hartman, A.K. Dhingra (1978). In Proc: Intl. Conf. Composite Materials (ICCM/2), TMS-AIME, New York, p. 883.Google Scholar
  8. K.K. Chawla (1973a). Metallography, 6, 155.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. K.K. Chawla (1973b). Philos. Mag., 28, 401.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. K.K. Chawla (1974). In Grain Boundaries in Eng. Mater., Claitor’s Publishing, Baton Rouge, LA, 435.Google Scholar
  11. K.K. Chawla (1975). Fibre Sci. & Tech. 8, 49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. K.K. Chawla (Dec, 1985). J. of Metals, 37, 25.Google Scholar
  13. K.K. Chawla (1989). In Precious and Rare Metal Technologies, Elsevier, Amsterdam, p. 639.Google Scholar
  14. K.K. Chawla (1991). In Metal Matrix Composites; Properties. Academic Press, San Diego.Google Scholar
  15. K.K. Chawla and C.E. Collares (1978). In Proceedings of the 1978 International Conference on Composite Materials (ICCM/2), TMS-AIME, New York, p. 1237.Google Scholar
  16. K.K. Chawla, A.H. Esmaeili, A.K. Datye, and A.K. Vasudevan (1991). Scripta Met et Mater., 25, 1315–1319.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. K.K. Chawla and L.B. Godefroid (1984). In Proc: 6th Int. Conf. on Fracture, Pergamon Press, Oxford, p. 2873.Google Scholar
  18. K.K. Chawla and P.K. Liaw (1979). J. Mater. Sci. 14, 2143.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. K.K. Chawla and M. Metzger (1972). J. Materials Sci., 7, 34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. K.K. Chawla and M. Metzger (1978). In Fracture 1977: Proc. of the 4th Int. Conf. Fracture, Pergamon Press, vol. 3, p. 1039.Google Scholar
  21. T. Christman and S. Suresh (1988). Mater. Sci. Eng. A102, 211.Google Scholar
  22. L. Christodolou, P.A. Parrish, and CR. Crowe (1988). Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc, 120, 29–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. H.E. Cline, J.L Walter, E.F Koch, L.M. Osika (1971). Acta. Met,, 19, 405.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. A.J. Cook and P.S. Warner (1991). Mater. Sci. Eng. A144, 189.Google Scholar
  25. J.A. Cornie, Y.-M. Chiang, D.R. Uhlmann, A.S. Mortensen, and J.M. Collins (1986). Ceram. Bull, 65, 293.Google Scholar
  26. A.P. Divecha, S.G. Fishman, and S.D. Karmarkar (September 1981). J. Metals., 9, 12.Google Scholar
  27. T. Donomoto, N. Miura, K. Funatani, and N. Miyake (1983). SAE Tech. Paper No. 83052, Detroit, MI.Google Scholar
  28. D.C. Dunand and A. Mortensen (1991a). Acta Metall. Mater., 39, 127.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. D.C. Dunand and A. Mortensen (1991b). Acta Metall. Mater., 39, 1405.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. I. Dutta, D.L. Bourell, and D. Latimer (1988). J. Comp. Mater., 22, 829.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. I. Dutta and D.L. Bourell (1988). Mater. Sci. Eng., A112, 67.Google Scholar
  32. I. Dutta and D.L. Bourell (1990). Acta Metall, 38, 2041.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. A.H. Esmaeili, K.K. Chawla, A.K. Datye, and A.K. Vasudevan (1991). In Proc. of the Intl. Conf. on Comp. Mater., ICCM/VII, Honolulu, HI, p. 17F1.Google Scholar
  34. S.G. Fishman (1986). AST M Standardization News, 46.Google Scholar
  35. L.-J. Fu, M. Schmerling, and H.L. Marcus (1986). In Composite Materials: Fatigue and Fracture, ASTM STP 907, ASTM, Philadelphia p. 51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. C. Fujiwara, M. Yoshida, M. Matsuhama, and S. Ohama (1995). In Proc. International Conf. on Composite Materials (ICCM-10), p. II-687.Google Scholar
  37. C.M. Gabryel and A.D. McLeod (1991). Met., Trans., 23A, 1279.Google Scholar
  38. A.K. Ghosh (1993). In Metal Matrix Composites, Butterworth-Heinemann, Boston, MA, p. 119.Google Scholar
  39. R.G. Hill, R.P. Nelson, and C.L. Hellerich (1969). In Proc. of the 16th Refractory Working Group Meeting, Seattle, WA.Google Scholar
  40. W.H. Hunt (1994). In Processing and Fabrication of Adv. Materials, TMS, Warrendale, PA, p. 663.Google Scholar
  41. W.H. Hunt, T.M. Osman, and J.J. Lewandowski (Mar. 1991). J. Miner. Metal Mater. Soc., 30.Google Scholar
  42. J.A. Isaacs, F. Taricco, V.J. Michaud, and A. Mortensen (1991). Met.,. Trans., 22A, 2855.Google Scholar
  43. C. Jones, C.J. Kiely, and S.S. Wang (1993). J. Mater. Res., 4, 327.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. H.A. Katzman (1987). J. Mater. Sci., 22, 144.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. A. Kelly and K.N. Street (1972). Proc. R Soc London, 328A, 283.Google Scholar
  46. A. Kelly and W.R. Tyson (1966). J. Mech. Phys. Solids, 14, 177.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. R.J. Kerans and T.A. Parthasarathy (1991). J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 74, 1585.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. A. Kohyama, N. Igata, Y. Imai, H. Teranishi, and T. Ishikawa (1985). In Proc: Fifth International Conference on Composite Materials (ICCM/V), TMS-AIME, Warrendale, PA, p. 609.Google Scholar
  49. D.J. Lloyd (1994). International Materials Review, 39, 1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. A.P. Majidi and T.W. Chou (1987). Proc. ICCM VI, 2, 422.Google Scholar
  51. M. Manoharan, L. Ellis, and J.J. Lewandowski (1990). Scripta Met.,. et Mater., 24, 1515.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. C. Manning and T. Gurganus (1969). J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 52, 115.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. D.L. McDanels (1985). Met.,. Trans., 16A, 1105.Google Scholar
  54. M. McLean (1983). Directionally Solidified Materials for High Temperature Service, The Metals Soc, London.Google Scholar
  55. W. Meyerer, D. Kizer, S. Paprocki, and H. Paul (1978). In Proc: 1978 Intl Conf. Composite Materials (ICCM/2), TMS-AIME, New York, p. 141.Google Scholar
  56. M.A. Meyers and K.K. Chawla (1984). Mechanical Metallurgy, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 494.Google Scholar
  57. V.J. Michaud (1993). In Metal Matrix Composites, Butterworth-Heinemann, Boston, MA, p. 3.Google Scholar
  58. R. Mitra, W.A. Chiou, M.E. Fine, and J.R. Weertman (1993). J. Mater. Res., 8, 2300.Google Scholar
  59. A. Mortensen, J.A. Cornie, and M.C. Flemings (1988). J. Metals, 40, 12.Google Scholar
  60. A. Mortensen, M.N. Gungor, J.A. Cornie, and M.C. Flemings (Mar., 1986). J. of Metals, 38, 30.Google Scholar
  61. V.C. Nardone and K.M. Prewo (1986). Scipta Met.,., 20, 43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. R. Naslain, J. Thebault, and R. Pailler (1976). In Proceedings of the 1975 International Conference on Composite Materials, vol. 1, TMS-AIME, New York, p. 116.Google Scholar
  63. T.G. Nieh and R.F. Karlak (1984). Scripta Met.,., 17, 67.Google Scholar
  64. S. Nourbakhsh, F.L. Liang, and H. Margolin (1990). Met.,. Trans. A, 21A, 213.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. L. Parrini and R. Schaler (1994). J. of Alloys and Compounds, 211, 402.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. P.G. Partridge and CM. Ward-Close (1993). Int. Mater. Rev., 38, 1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. M. Pfeifer, J.M. Rigsbee, and K.K. Chawla (1990). J. Mater. Sci, 25, 1563.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. W.L. Phillips, (1978). In Proc: 1978 Intl Conf. Composite Materials (ICCM/2), TMS-AIME, New York, p. 567.Google Scholar
  69. S. Pickard and D.B. Miracle (1995). Mater. Sci. & Eng. A, A203, 59.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. H.J. Rack (1987). In Sixth International Conference on Composite Materials, New York: Elsevier Applied Science, p. 382.Google Scholar
  71. F. Rezai-Aria, T. Liechti, and G. Gagnon (1993). Scripta Metall. Mater., 28, 587.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. S. Rhee, (1970). J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 53, 386.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. P.K. Rohatgi, R. Asthana, and S. Das (1986). Intl. Met.,. Rev., 31, 115.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Y.-L. Shen, A Needleman, and S. Suresh (1994). Metall. Mater. Trans. A., 25A, 839.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. O. Sherby, S. Lee. R. Koch, T. Sumi, and J. Wolfenstine (1985). Mater. Manufact. Processes, 5, 363.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. N. Shi and R.J. Arsenault (1991). J. of Comp. Tech, and Res., 13, 211.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. N. Shi and R.J. Arsenault (1993). Met.,. Trans., 24A, 1879.Google Scholar
  78. J. van Suchtelen (1972). Philips Res. Rep., 27, 28.Google Scholar
  79. T.S. Srivatsan and E.J. Lavernia (1992). J. Materials Sci., 27, 5965.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. N.S. Stoloff (year). In Advances in Composite Materials Applied Sci. Pub., London, p. 247.Google Scholar
  81. S. Suresh and K.K. Chawla (1993). In Metal Matrix Composites, Butterworth-Heinemann, Boston, MA, p. 119.Google Scholar
  82. R.U. Vaidya and K.K. Chawla (1994). Composites Sci. and Tech., 50, 13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. J. van Suchtelan (1972). Philips Res. Report, 27, 28.Google Scholar
  84. E. Tempelman, W.L. Dalmijn, and A. Vlot (April, 1996). JOM, 48, 62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. S. Towata and Y. Yamada (1995). Trans. Japan Inst. of Metals, 27, 709.Google Scholar
  86. A.K. Vasudevan and R.D. Doherty (Eds.) (1989). Aluminum Alloys — Contemporary Research and Applications, Academic Press, Boston.Google Scholar
  87. M. Vogelsang, R.J. Arsenault, and R.M Fisher (1986). Met., Trans., 17A, 379.Google Scholar
  88. J.L. Walter (1982). In In Situ Composites IV, Elsevier, New York, p. 85.Google Scholar
  89. R. Warren and C.-H. Andersson (1984). Composites, 15, 101.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. D.R. Williams and M.E. Fine (1985a). In Proc. 5th Int. Conf Composite Mater., (ICCM/V), TMS, Warrendale, PA. p. 275.Google Scholar
  91. D.R. Williams and M.E. Fine (1985b). In Proc: Fifth Intl Conf Composite Materials (ICCM/V), Warrendale, PA.: TMS-AIME, p. 369.Google Scholar
  92. Z.R. Xu, K.K. Chawla, R. Mitra, and M.E. Fine (1994). Scripta Met.,. et Mater. 31, 1277.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. Z.R. Xu, A. Neuman, K.K. Chawla, A. Wolfenden, and G.M. Liggett and N. Chawla (1995). Mater. Sci. & Eng. A. A203, 75.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Suggested Reading

  1. T.W. Clyne and P.J. Withers (1993). An Mroduction to Metal Matrix Composites, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. S. Suresh, A. Needleman, and A. Mortensen (Eds.) (1993). Metal Matrix Composites, Butterworth-Heinemann, Boston.Google Scholar
  3. M. Taya and R.J. Arsenault (1990). Metal Matrix Composites, Pergamon Press, Oxford.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Krishan K. Chawla
    • 1
  1. 1.Materials and EngineeringThe University of Alabama at BirminghamBirminghamUSA

Personalised recommendations