Simulating Random Numbers from a Uniform Distribution
Because many statistical methods rely on random samples, applied statisticians often need a source of “random numbers”. Older reference books for use in statistical applications contained tables of random numbers, which were intended to be used in selecting samples or in laying out a design for an experiment. Statisticians now rarely use printed tables of random numbers, but occasionally computer-accessed versions of such tables are used. Far more often, however, the computer is used to generate “random” numbers directly.
KeywordsRandom Number Generator Pseudorandom Number Primitive Root Modular Reduction Congruential Generator
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