Family Medicine pp 1027-1040 | Cite as

Skin Infections and Infestations

  • Michael L. O’Dell

Abstract

The skin is the body’s largest and most visible organ. It is possibly the most assailed organ as well, as it is in constant contact with the outside environment. This constant exposure leaves skin subject to innumerable challenges. Nevertheless, the skin is remarkably impervious, and it reliably protects against infection and infestation in most normal individuals.

Keywords

Necrotizing Fasciitis Genital Herpes Tinea Capitis Hidradenitis Suppurativa Tinea Pedis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Moffet H. Common infections in ambulatory patients. Ann Intern Med 1978;89:743–5.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Braun-Falco O, Plewig G, Wolff HH, Winkelmann RK. Dermatology. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 1991:1235.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Hamann K, Thorn P. Systemic or local treatment of ery-thrasma? A comparison between erythromycin tablets and Fucidin cream in general practice. Scand J Prim Health Care 1991;9:35–9.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Barton LL, Friedman AD. Impetigo: a reassessment of etiology and therapy. Pediatr Dermatol 1987;4:185–8.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Leyden JJ. Review of mupirocin ointment in the treatment of impetigo [review]. Clin Pediatr 1992;31:549–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Finch R. Skin and soft-tissue infections. Lancet 1988;1:164–8.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Britton JW, Fajardo JE, Kräfte JB. Impetigo: current etiology and comparison of penicillin, erythromycin, and cephalexin therapies. Am J Dis Child 1990;144:1313–15.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Misko ML, Terracina JR, Diven DG. The frequency of eryth-romycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in impetiginized dermatoses. Pediatr Dermatol 1995;12:12–15.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Buxton PK. ABC of dermatology: bacterial infection. BMJ 1988;296:189–92.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Rees B Rees. Office dermatology. Am Fam Physician 1992; 45:1–22.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Suss SJ, Middleton DB. Streptococcal cause of erysipelas and cellulitis in adults: a microbiologic study using a direct immunofluorescence technique. Arch Dermatol 1989;125:779–82.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Sachs MK. The optimum use of needle aspiration in the bactériologie diagnosis of cellulitis in adults [published erratum in Arch Intern Med 1991;151:244]. Arch Intern Med 1990;150:1907–12.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Lutomski DM, Trott AT, Runyon JM, Miyagawa CI, Staneck JL, Rivera JO. Microbiology of adult cellulitis. J Fam Pract 1988;26:45–8.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Epperly TD. The value of needle aspiration in the management of cellulitis. J Fam Pract 1986;23:337–40.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Sinnott JT, Cancio MR, Frankle MA, Gustke K, Spiegel PG. The optimum use of needle aspiration in the bacteriologic diagnosis of cellulitis in adults. Arch Intern Med 1990;150: 1907–12.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Weissmann A. Case records of the Massachusetts General Hospital: weekly clinicopathological exercises; case 41–1989: a 65-year-old man with fever, bullae, erythema, and edema of the leg after wading in brackish water. N Engl J Med 1989;321:1029–38.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Limpert GH, Peacock JEJ. Soft tissue infections due to non-cholera vibrios. Am Fam Physician 1988;37:193–8.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Chow AW, Roser SM, Brady FA. Orofacial odontogenic infections. Ann Intern Med 1978;88:392–402.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Kingston D, Seal DV. Current hypotheses on synergistic microbial gangrene. Br J Surg 1990;77:260–4.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Quan MB, Moy RL. The role of human papillomavirus in carcinoma. J Am Acad Dermatol 1991;25:698–705.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Feder HMJ, Anderson I. Fifth disease: a brief review of infections in childhood, in adulthood, and pregnancy. Arch Intern Med 1989;149:2176–8.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Isaacs D, Menser M. Measles, mumps, rubella, and varicella. Lancet 1990;335:1384–7.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Anonymous. Recommended childhood immunization schedule—United States, January-June 1996. MMWR 1996;44:940–3.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Lieu TA, Cochi SL, Black SB, et al. Cost-effectiveness of a routine varicella vaccination program for US children. JAMA 1994;271:375–81.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Lycka BAS. Postherpetic neuralgia and systemic corticosteroid therapy. Int J Dermatol 1990;29:523–7.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Hardy I, Gershon AA, Steinberg SP, LaRussa P. The incidence of zoster after immunization with live attenuated varicella vaccine: a study in children with leukemia: Varicella Vaccine Collaborative Study Group. N Engl J Med 1991;325: 1545–50.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Arvin AM, Prober CG. Herpes simplex virus infections: the genital tract and the newborn. Pediatr Rev 1992;13:107–12.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Jacobson MA, Berger TG, Fikrig S, et al. Acyclovir-resistant varicella zoster virus infection after chronic oral acyclovir therapy in patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Ann Intern Med 1990;112:187–91.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Buxton PK. ABC of dermatology: viral infections. BMJ 1988; 296:257–61.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Syrjanen KJ. Human papillomavirus (HPV) infections of the female genital tract and their associations with intraepithelial neoplasia and squamous cell carcinoma. Pathol Annu 1986;1:53–89.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Buntin DM, Roser T, Lesher JLJ, Plotnick H, Brademas ME, Berger TG. Sexually transmitted diseases: viruses and ectoparasites: committee on sexually transmitted diseases of the American Academy of Dermatology. J Am Acad Dermatol 1991;25:527–34.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Knobloch C, Goldmann SF, Friedrich W. Office dermatologie testing: the KOH preparation. Am Fam Physician 1991;43: 2061–5.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Buxton PK. ABC of dermatology. British Medical Journal 1988;296:1–87.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Drugs for treatment of fungal infections. Med Lett 1992;34: 14–6.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Jones JG. Chiggers. Am Fam Physician 1987;36:149–52.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael L. O’Dell

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations