Normal Pregnancy, Labor, and Delivery

  • Joseph E. Scherger
  • Margaret V. Elizondo


Pregnancy and birth are normal physiologic processes for most women. The current cesarean delivery rate of nearly 25% in the United States is a reflection of a higher than expected rate of medical intervention in the birth process. Unfortunately, modern medicine has been guilty of using a disease model for the management of pregnancy and birth, resulting in higher than expected rates of complications. At least 90% of women should have a normal birth outcome without medical intervention.1


Down Syndrome Prenatal Care Family Physician Epidural Anesthesia Normal Pregnancy 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joseph E. Scherger
  • Margaret V. Elizondo

There are no affiliations available

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