Family Planning and Contraception

  • Barbara S. Apgar

Abstract

Contraceptive agents provide both irreversible and nonreversible methods of protection from unwanted pregnancy. Decisions about the selection of methods affecting human sexuality must be made with full informed consent with a respect for each individual’s personal sexual practices and beliefs. Although no method or agent provides absolute protection, current agents offer high effectiveness, minimal side effects, and convenience. It is necessary to balance these components with cost data. Trussell et al. developed an economic model to compare the effectiveness and costs per person of 15 contraceptive methods and found that the up-front acquisition costs of contraceptives are inaccurate predictors of the economic value of competing contraceptive methods, and that investments in contraception provide substantial economic savings and societal benefits.1 Regardless of payment mechanism, contraception saves money by preventing unwanted pregnancy, and improved cost savings can be achieved by optimizing appropriate and consistent use.

Keywords

Oral Contraceptive Obstet Gynecol Emergency Contraception Female Condom Ethinyl Estradiol 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

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  • Barbara S. Apgar

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