Psychological and Psychiatric Consequences of Cannabis

  • Bruce Phariss
  • Robert B. Millman
  • Ann Bordwine Beeder


Cannabis, particularly as smoked as marijuana cigarettes (“joint,” “reefer,” “herb”), is the most frequently abused illicit substance in the United States. Not surprisingly, psychologists and other mental professionals are asked to evaluate large numbers of often youthful people with psychiatric and behavioral problems who also use cannabis. In some individuals, the cannabis use clearly leads to the psychological and psychiatric consequences observed by the clinician. In others, the psychopathology noted antedates the cannabis use or dependence and is a determinate of drug use. Both the drug use and the psychopathology may also occur concurrently and be relatively independent of each other. Further complicating the picture, other illicit drugs and alcohol are often used in association with cannabis. The intermittent or occasional use of cannabis may not be associated with any psychological or psychiatric consequences.


Borderline Personality Disorder Heavy User Marijuana User Chronic User Neuroleptic Medication 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bruce Phariss
    • 1
  • Robert B. Millman
    • 1
  • Ann Bordwine Beeder
    • 1
  1. 1.Cornell University Medical CollegeNew YorkUSA

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