Advertisement

The Patagonian Challenge: Melding Conservation with Development

  • Miguel A. Pascual
  • José M. Orensanz
  • Ana M. Parma
  • Sergio L. Saba
Chapter

Abstract

Patagonia, at the southern tip of South America (Figure 17.1), is a region of over one million km2 shared by Chile and Argentina, endowed with some of the wildest landscapes in the world. Although remote and sparsely populated, Patagonian ecosystems are not pristine—most of them have been significantly disturbed by human activities. As is the case with much of Latin America, Patagonia is experiencing a push for economic development that is imposing ever increasing strains on natural resources.

Keywords

Pacific Salmon Elephant Seal Patagonian Steppe Large Marine Ecosystem Patagonian Shelf 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature Cited

  1. Achurra, M. 1992. Gran impulso a la salmonicultura chilena. Chile Pesquero 71:21–25.Google Scholar
  2. Allen, G.M. 1942. Extinct and vanishing mammals of the Western Hemisphere with the marine species of all oceans. Special publication of the American commission for international wildlife protection 11.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Baign, C.R.M. and R. Quirós. 1985. Introducción de peces exóticos en la República Argentina. Informe técnico del Departamento de Aguas Continentales no. 2, INIDEP, Mar del Plata, Argentina.Google Scholar
  4. Bellati, J. and J. von Thungen. 1988. Mortalidad de corderos de hasta dos meses de edad en el oeste de la provincia de Río Negro. Revista de agronomía y producción animal 8:359–363.Google Scholar
  5. Benjamin, H.R.W. 1965. Higher education in the American republics. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Co.Google Scholar
  6. Bisbal, G.A. 1995. The Southeast South American shelf large marine ecosystem. Marine Policy 19:21–38.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Boneto, A.A. and I.R. Wais. 1995. Southern South America streams and rivers. In River and stream ecosystems, eds. C.E. Cushing, K.W. Cummins, and G.W. Minshall, 257–293. Amsterdam: Elsevier.Google Scholar
  8. Bryan, A.L., ed. 1986. New evidence for the Pleistocene peopling of the Americas, Orono, Maine: Center for the Study of Early Man.Google Scholar
  9. Cabrera, A.L. and A. Willink. 1973. Biogeografía de América Latina. OEA. Monografía 13. Serie Biología.Google Scholar
  10. Cabrera, A.L. and J. Yepes. 1940. Mamíferos Sudamericanos. Buenos Aires.Google Scholar
  11. CCAMLR (Committee for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources). 1992. Report of the eleventh meeting of the Scientific Committee, Hobart, Australia, 26–30 October 1992.Google Scholar
  12. Cei, J.M. 1980. Amphibians of Argentina. N.S. Monografia 2, Monitore Zoologico Italiano, Firenze.Google Scholar
  13. Cei, J.M. 1986. Reptiles de centro, centro-oeste y sur de la Argentina. Herpetofauna de las zonas áridas y semiáridas. Mografie IV, Museo Regionale di Science Naturali, Torino.Google Scholar
  14. Ciocco, N.F. 1995a. Primeras experiencias privadas de cultivo de bivalvos (mejillones) en los golfos San José y Nuevo (Chubut, Argentina): temporadas 93/94 y 94/95. CENPAT (Puerto Madryn). Informes técnicos del Plan de Manejo Integrado de la Zona Costera Patagónica (in press).Google Scholar
  15. Ciocco, N.F. 1995b. La marisquería mediante buceo en el Golfo San José (Chubut, Argentina). CENPAT (Puerto Madryn). Informes técnicos del Plan de Manejo Integrado de la Zona Costera Patagónica (in press).Google Scholar
  16. Del Mazo, G. 1956. Estudiantes y gobierno universitario. Buenos Aires: Librera El Ateneo.Google Scholar
  17. Deriso, R.B., S.H. Hoag, and D.A. McCaughran. 1986. Two hypotheses about factors controlling production of Pacific halibut. International North Pacific Fisheries Commission Bulletin 47:167–173.Google Scholar
  18. Franklin, W.L. 1982. Biology, ecology and relationship to man of the South American camelids. In Mammalian biology in South America, 457–489. Pymatuning Laboratory of Ecology and University of Pittsburg, Linesville.Google Scholar
  19. Franklin, W.L. and M.A. Fritz.1991. Sustained harvesting of the Patagonia guanaco: is it possible or too late? In Neotropical wildlife use and conservation, eds. J.G. Robinson and K.H. Redford, 317–336. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  20. Garrido, J.L., R. Mazzanti, and D.A. Garrido. 1988, unpubl. Distribución y densidades de guanaco en la Patagonia Argentina. Informe presentado a la Dirección de Fauna de la Provincia de Río Negro.Google Scholar
  21. Grosman, F. 1992. Algunos aspectos de la biología del “salmon del Pacifico” (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) presente en la Provincia del Chubut. Informe técnico. Centro de Ecología Aplicada del Neuquén and Japan International Cooperation Agency, Junín de los Andes, Neuquén, Argentina.Google Scholar
  22. Kline, T.C., J.J. Goering, O.A. Mathisen, P.H. Poe, and R.S. Scalan. 1993. Recycling of elements transported upstream by runs of Pacific salmon: II. δ15N and δ13C evidence in Kvichak River Watershed, Southwestern Alaska. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 50:2350–2365.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Krueger, C.C. and B. May. 1991. Ecological and genetic effects of salmonid introductions in North America. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 48 (Suppl. 1):2238–2246.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Leitch, W.C. 1991. Argentine trout fishing: A fly fisherman’s guide to Patagonia. Portland Oregon: Frank Amato Publications.Google Scholar
  25. Levin, S.A., ed. 1993. Forum: Science and sustainability. Ecological Applications 3:545–587.Google Scholar
  26. Lichter, A.A. 1992. Huellas en la Arena, Sombras en el Mar. Los Mamíferos Marinos de la Argentina y la Antártida. Terra Nova Eds.Google Scholar
  27. Ludwig, D., R. Hilborn, and C. Walters. 1993. Uncertainty, resource exploitation, and conservation: Lessons from history. Science 260:17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Monjeau, A., N. Bonino, and S.L. Saba. 1994. Annotated checklist of the living land mammals in Patagonia. Mastozoologa Neotropical 1:143–156.Google Scholar
  29. Narosky, T. and D. Zurieta. 1993. Birds of Argentina and Uruguay: A field guide. Buenos Aires: Vazquez Mazzini Editores.Google Scholar
  30. Novaro, A.L. and M.C. Funes. 1993. Monitoreo anual de las poblaciones de carnívoros en la Patagonia. Informe Regional.Google Scholar
  31. Ojeda R.A. and M.A. Mares. 1982. Conservation of South American Mammals: Argentina as a paradigm. In Mammalian biology in South America, eds. M.A. Mares and H.H. Genoways, 505–521. Pymatuning Symp. Ecol., vol. 6. Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh.Google Scholar
  32. Oporto, N. and N. Soto. 1995. Aspectos de aprovechamiento de la especie. In Técnicas para el Manejo del Guanaco, ed. Oporto, N. and N. Soto 9. IUCN. Report of the Group of Specialists in South American Camelids.Google Scholar
  33. Orensanz, J.M. 1986. Size, environment and density: The regulation of a scallop stock and its management implications. Canadian Special Publications in Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 92:195–227.Google Scholar
  34. Orensanz, J.M., M. Pascual, and M. Fernandez. 1992. Fisheries and aquaculture: Argentina. In Scallops: biology, ecology and aquaculture, ed. S.E. Shumway, 981–1000. Developments in Aquaculture and Fisheries 21. Amsterdam: Elsevier.Google Scholar
  35. Patterson, B. and R. Pascual.1995 The fossil mammal fauna of South America. Quarterly Review of Biology 43:409–451.Google Scholar
  36. Payne, R. 1995. Among whales. New York: Scribner Publishing.Google Scholar
  37. Puig, S. 1992. South American camelids. An action plan for their conservation. Cambridge: IUCN Publications Services Unit.Google Scholar
  38. Pujalte, J.C. and A. Reca.1985. Vicuñas y guanacos, distribución y ambientes. In Estado actual de las investigaciones sobre camélidos en la República Argentina, eds. J.L. Cajal and J. Amaya, 25–49. Buenos Aires: Secretaría de Ciencia y Técnica.Google Scholar
  39. Raedeke, K.J. 1979. Population dynamics and socioecology of the guanaco (Lama guanicoe) of Magellanes, Chile. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Washington, Seattle.Google Scholar
  40. Ragonese, A.E. 1968. Vegetación y ganadería en la República Argentina. Buenos Aires: INTA.Google Scholar
  41. Ravinovich, J., A. Capurro, P. Folgarait, T. Kirtzberger, A. Kramer, A. Novaro, M. Puppo, and A. Travaini. 1987. Estado del conocimiento de 12 especies de la fauna argentina de valor comercial. Report of the second Argentinean meeting on economically valuable wildlife species, Buenos Aires.Google Scholar
  42. Reig, O.A. 1981. Teoría del origen y desarrollo de la fauna de mamíferos de América del Sur. Monografiae Naturae, (Museo Municipal de Ciencias Naturales Lorenzo Scaglia) 1:1–162.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Ringuelet, R.A. 1955. Vinculaciones faunísticas de la zona boscosa del Nahuel Huapi y el Dominio zoogeográfico Australcordillerano. Notas Museo ciudad Eva Perán, Zool. 160:81–121.Google Scholar
  44. Ringuelet, R.A., R.H. Arámburu, and A. Alonso. 1967. Los peces Argentinos de agua dulce. Comisión de Investigaciones Científicas de la Provincia de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina.Google Scholar
  45. SAGyP (Secretara de Agricultura, Ganadera Pesca). 1995. Guía Pesquera Argentina. Second Edition, Buenos Aires: Masindian Cons.Google Scholar
  46. Simpson, G.G. 1934. Attending marvels: A Patagonian journal. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  47. Simpson, G.G. 1950. History of the fauna of Latin America. American Scientist 38:261–389.Google Scholar
  48. Simpson, G.G. 1969. South American mammals. In Biogeography and ecology of South America, eds. E.J. Fittkau, J. Illies, H. Klinge, G.H. Schwalbe, and H. Sioli, 879–909. The Hague: W. Junk, N.V. Publ.Google Scholar
  49. Simpson, G.G. 1980. Splendid isolation: The curious history of South American mammals. New Haven: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  50. Tarak, A. 1989. A National Perspective. In Conservation for the twenty-first century, eds. D. Western and M. Pearl. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  51. Torres, H. 1992. South American camelids. An action plan for their conservation. Cambridge: IUCN Publications Services Unit.Google Scholar
  52. Ubeda, C. and D. Grigera, eds. 1995. Recalificación del estado de conservación de la fauna silvestre argentina. Region Patagónica. Secretaría de Recursos y Ambiente Humano -Consejo Asesor Regional Patagónico de la Fauna Silvestre.Google Scholar
  53. Veblen, T.T., R.S. Hill, and J. Read. 1996. The ecology and biogeography of Nothofagus forests. New Haven: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  54. Walters, C.J. 1986. Adaptive management of renewable resources. New York: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  55. Wegrzyn, D. and S. Ortubay. 1991. Nuestros salmónidos. Provincia de Río Negro, Dirección de Pesca, Argentina.Google Scholar
  56. Willson, M.F. and K.C. Halupka. 1995. Anadromous fish as keystone species in vertebrate communities. Conservation Biology 9:489–497.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Yorio, P. 1993. Plan de Manejo de la Zona Costera Patagónica- GEF/PNUD: un enfoque integral para la protección de la biodiversidad. In On common ground: interdisciplinary approaches to biodiversity conservation and land use dynamics in the New World, 283–291. Universidade Federal Minas Gerais and University of Florida: Conservation International.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Miguel A. Pascual
  • José M. Orensanz
  • Ana M. Parma
  • Sergio L. Saba

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations