Vitamin D pp 273-286 | Cite as

Rickets and Vitamin D Deficiency

  • Michèle Garabédian
  • Hanifa Ben-Mekhbi
Part of the Nutrition and Health book series (NH)


The clinical features of vitamin D deficiency rickets have been known for more than three centuries, and systematic preventive measures have dramatically decreased its incidence in several parts of the world, including North America and northern Europe. However, this is no reason to consider this condition a disease of the past. Indeed, vitamin D deficiency remains a public health problem in some North African and Middle East countries, as well as in specific regions of India, China, and South America (1,2). Moreover, clinical manifestations of vitamin D deficiency are still seen among “at-risk” populations of children in North America and northern Europe (1,3), and cases of rickets are reappearing in former Soviet countries as a result of the recent disorganization of their centralized health care system.


Secondary Hyperparathyroidism Dental Enamel Calcium Deficiency Maternal Vitamin Muscular Hypotonia 
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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michèle Garabédian
  • Hanifa Ben-Mekhbi

There are no affiliations available

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