What is an Intelligent System?

  • Ian S. Shaw
Part of the The Springer International Series in Engineering and Computer Science book series (SECS, volume 457)


A so-called intelligent system gives appropriate problem-solving responses to problem inputs, even if such inputs are new and unexpected. Such behavior is “novel” or “creative”. The workings of intelligent systems are usually described by analogies with biological systems by, for example, looking at how human beings perform control tasks, recognize patterns, or make decisions. At the moment, there exists a considerable mismatch between humans and machines, in as much as humans reason in uncertain, imprecise, fuzzy ways while machines and the computers that run them are based on binary reasoning. Eliminating this mismatch would make machines more intelligent, that is, they would be enabled to reason in a fuzzy manner like humans.


Intelligent System Fuzzy Control Fuzzy Controller Fuzzy Adaptive Control Problem Input 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ian S. Shaw
    • 1
  1. 1.Industrial Electronic Technology Research GroupRand Afrikaans UniversityJohannesburgRepublic of South Africa

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