Restless Legs Syndrome and Nocturnal Myoclonus

  • J. Steven Poceta
Part of the Current Clinical Practice book series (CCP)


Restless legs syndrome (RLS) was first described by Dr. Karl Ekbom in 1945 in his article “Restless legs.” The condition is usually associated with periodic limb movements in sleep (PLMS). PLMS is also called nocturnal myoclonus. The vast majority of patients with RLS also have PLMS, but many patients exhibit PLMS without having RLS. Restless legs syndrome is not an uncommon cause of insomnia, and is receiving more and more public attention. A national RLS Foundation has been formed, which is assisting local patient support groups around the country and is raising funds for research.


Obstructive Sleep Apnea Peripheral Neuropathy Daytime Sleepiness Iron Deficiency Anemia Sleep Study 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Silber MH. Concise review for primary-care physicians. Mayo Clin Proc 1997; 72: 261–264.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Walters AS, et al. Toward a better definition of the restless legs syndrome. Movement Disorders 1995; 10: 634–642.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Walters AS, Hening W, Rubinstein M, Chokroverty S. A clinical and polysomnographic comparison of neuroleptic-induced akathisia and the idiopathic restless legs syndrome. Sleep 1991; 14: 339–345.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    O’Keeffe ST, Noel J, Lavan JN. Restless legs syndrome in the elderly. Postgrad Med.11993; 69: 701–703.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Steven Poceta

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations