• Eric B. Larson
  • Robert A. Bruce


Exercise can be considered an important component of overall health promotion. For younger adults, exercise is primarily a recreational activity. Younger adults have considerably more physiologic reserve, in both muscular strength and cardiovascular capacity, and the beneficial effects of exercise for them are more likely to come from cardiovascular risk reduction. Older individuals, by contrast, experience a progressive decline in many physiologic functions, including muscular strength and cardiovascular capacity.1,2 Habitual exercise, by improving strength and maximum aerobic capacity (VO2 max) as a result of conditioning effects, can provide added physiologic reserve as well as enhance well-being by reducing effort and fatigue associated with activities of daily living.3 Most importantly, habitual exercise in moderation can slow development of disability and thereby prolong active life expectancy.4,5


Aerobic Capacity Conditioning Effect Brisk Walking Habitual Exercise Active Life Expectancy 
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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eric B. Larson
  • Robert A. Bruce

There are no affiliations available

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