• Wishwa N. Kapoor


Syncope is defined as a sudden transient loss of consciousness associated with loss of postural tone from which the patient recovers spontaneously. Syncope has a large differential diagnosis ranging from common benign problems to severe life-threatening disorders. As a result, the approach to this symptom frequently results in hospital admission and performance of many diagnostic tests. Although evaluation is often focused on explaining the symptom by a single disease process, this may not apply to the elderly since multiple physiologic processes and age-related changes may contribute to syncope.1 This chapter briefly reviews the pathophysiology and etiologies of syncope and provides a practical and directed evaluation of syncope in the elderly.


Aortic Stenosis Orthostatic Hypotension Multiple System Atrophy Carotid Sinus Tilt Testing 
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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1997

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  • Wishwa N. Kapoor

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