Parental Alcoholism as a Risk Factor

  • Laurie Chassin
  • Manuel BarreraJr.
  • Heather Montgomery
Part of the Issues in Clinical Child Psychology book series (ICCP)

Abstract

Parental alcoholism is a risk factor of great public health significance because it has the potential to affect a large number of children and adolescents. Although prevalence estimates for alcoholism vary with the operational definition of the disorder, recent data suggest that approximately 25% of adult males and 4–5% of adult females in the US population meet lifetime criteria for alcohol abuse or dependence (Robins et al., 1984). Based on these epidemiological data, Russell, Henderson, and Blume (1985) estimated that there were approximately 6.6 million children of alcoholic parents (COAs) under 18 years of age and approximately 22 million “adult” children of alcoholic parents (i.e., age 18 or over). Thus, a large segment of the population is exposed to parental alcoholism. The potential importance of parental alcoholism as a risk factor has produced great clinical interest in children of alcoholics as targets for intervention, including the recent popularity of self-help groups for adult children of alcoholics, and the codependence movement (see Sher & Mothershead, 1991, for a review of this literature.

Keywords

Family Conflict Adolescent Substance Deviant Peer Abnormal Psychology Alcohol Expectancy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Laurie Chassin
    • 1
  • Manuel BarreraJr.
  • Heather Montgomery
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyArizona State UniversityTempeUSA

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