Staying out of Harm’s Way

Coping and the Development of Inner-City Children
  • Patrick H. Tolan
  • Nancy G. Guerra
  • Luisa R. Montaini-Klovdahl
Part of the Issues in Clinical Child Psychology book series (ICCP)


Staying out of harm’s way is the daily goal of many children living in the inner city. In this case, “harm” is not limited to physical assault or violence, but encompasses a myriad of everyday urban threats. By the time children reach adolescence, they often have navigated a lifetime of fear and hopelessness, making choices requiring cognitive sophistication, moral clarify, and social deftness beyond that of any child and most adults. They have been exposed to harm caused not only by crime and violence, but by drugs, teenage pregnancy, abuse, neglect, poverty, and racism. The joys of childhood are often lost or compromised to the perils of the streets. Rather than trying to maximize positive outcomes, children and families are often preoccupied with simply staying out of harm’s way.


Antisocial Behavior Stressful Life Event Coping Style Coping Response Black Family 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Patrick H. Tolan
    • 1
  • Nancy G. Guerra
    • 2
  • Luisa R. Montaini-Klovdahl
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry and Psychology, Medical SchoolUniversity of Illinois at ChicagoChicagoUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Illinois at ChicagoChicagoUSA
  3. 3.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of California at San FranciscoSan FranciscoUSA

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