The wholecrop biorefinery is founded on the concept that, given a (future) shortage of fossil fuels and the difficulty of harvesting the sun’s energy, it is wasteful to throw away parts of the crop that have been grown, particularly when they have a considerable value (see also Chapters 20, 21 and 27). Thus straw internodes are just as good as wood chips, if there were no nodes and leaves. Even with grain it is wasteful to use the starch and discard the remainder. Therefore, in the same way as an oil refinery separates oil into components for different uses, one could insert a bio-refinery between the grower and the user to which the farmer delivers his crop and which separates the crop into components for the different users.
KeywordsDisc Mill Throughput Ratio Forage Harvesting System Profit Biorefinery System
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