Implicit Memory, Interpersonality Amnesia, and Dissociative Identity Disorder

Comparing Patients with Simulators
  • Eric Eich
  • Dawn Macaulay
  • Richard J. Loewenstein
  • Patrice H. Dihle
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSA, volume 291)


Dissociative identity disorder (DID) involves the presence of two or more distinct personality states or identities that recurrently take control of an individual’s behavior (see DSM-IV; American Psychiatric Association, 1994). From one DID patient to the next, these identities can vary tremendously in number, complexity, and frequency of emergence, as well as in such fundamental features as age, gender, handedness, and emotional complexion. In general, however, they can be construed as “highly discrete states of consciousness organized around a prevailing affect, sense of self (including body image), with a limited repertoire of behaviors and a set of state dependent memories” (Putnam, 1989, p.103).


Implicit Memory Repetition Priming Personality State Implicit Test Conscious Recollection 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eric Eich
    • 1
  • Dawn Macaulay
    • 1
  • Richard J. Loewenstein
    • 2
  • Patrice H. Dihle
    • 3
  1. 1.University of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada
  2. 2.Sheppard Pratt HospitalUSA
  3. 3.Way StationFrederickUSA

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