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Have Panel Surveys Told Us Anything New?

  • P. B. Goodwin
Chapter
Part of the Transportation Research, Economics and Policy book series (TRES)

Abstract

This chapter presents some empirical results from analyses of ten different panel surveys carried out at the Transport Studies Unit, University of Oxford, in the period 1979–1992. It focuses on those results which would not have been obtained using cross-section surveys. Even apparently settled aggregate patterns are based on a very high degree of volatility, movement and turnover at the individual level. Statistical relationships established from cross-sectional data do not provide a ‘track’ along which responses move over time. Model coefficients estimated from cross-sectional data about the effects of differences in levels of a causal factor are not the same as those established from panel data about the effects of changes in the level of the same factor. Changes in behavior due to household circumstances are moderated by differential responses to policy variables, such as public transportation fares or deregulation. The longer term effects of policy initiatives can be greater, and more profound, than appears in the short run.

Keywords

Panel Data Public Transportation Panel Survey Transportation Policy Travel Diary 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. B. Goodwin
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Transport StudiesUniversity College LondonLondonUK

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