Fuzzy Smart

  • Freerk A. Lootsma
Part of the Applied Optimization book series (APOP, volume 8)


The Simple Multi-Attribute Rating Technique (SMART, Von Winterfeldt and Edwards, 1986) is a method for Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA) whereby we evaluate a finite number of decision alternatives under a finite number of performance criteria. The purpose of the analysis is to rank the alternatives in a subjective order of preference and, if possible, to rate the overall performance of the alternatives via the proper assignment of numerical grades or scores. In this chapter we first present SMART in its deterministic form, regardless of the vagueness of human preferential judgement, and thereafter we discuss a fuzzy variant which can easily be used for a sensitivity analysis of the results. As a vehicle for discussion we use the example which is frequently employed to illustrate the applications of MCDA: the evaluation and the selection of cars.


Fuzzy Logic Criterion Weight Final Grade Qualitative Criterion Preference Intensity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Freerk A. Lootsma
    • 1
  1. 1.Delft University of TechnologyThe Netherlands

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