Noise in Fully Integrated PLL’s

  • G. Palmisano
  • M. Paparo
  • F. Torrisi
  • P. Vita


Phase locked loops (PLL) and low noise voltage controlled oscillators (VCO) for cordless and cellular applications are presented and innovative arrangements as well as design considerations are also discussed. Moreover, design equations are given for the main performance parameters of VCOs such as the oscillation amplitude, the oscillation frequency, the phase noise, etc. Measured results on experimental prototypes are reported which give a view of the state of the art in fully integrated PLLs and LC oscillators.


Phase Noise Oscillation Amplitude Phase Lock Loop Charge Pump Voltage Control Oscillator 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. [1]
    B. Razavi, “Challenges in portable RF transceiver design”, IEEE Circuits & Devices, vol. 12, pp. 12–25, Sept. 1996.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. [2]
    Y. Neuvo, “Future directions in mobile communications”, ESSCIRC ’96, pp. 35–39, Neuchatel, Switzerland, Sept. 1996.Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    William F. Egan, “Frequency Synthesis by Phase Locks”, John Wiley & Sons, 1981.Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    G. Cosentino, “Circuito d’anello ad aggancio di fase, in particolare per un sistema di ricetrasmissione”, European patent pending 96830592.0, Nov. 1996.Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    Donald O. Pederson, Kartikeya Mayaram, “Analog integrated circuits for communications”, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1991.Google Scholar
  6. [6]
    Nhat M. Nguyen and Robert G. Mayer, “Start-up and frequency stability in high-frequency oscillators”, IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 27, pp. 810–819, May 1992.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. [7]
    W. P. Robins, “Phase noise in signal sources”, Peter Peregrinus Ltd., 1991.Google Scholar
  8. [8]
    J. Craninckx and M. Steyaert, “Low-noise voltage-controlled oscillators using enhanced LC-tanks” IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems-II: analog and digital signal processing, vol. 42, pp. 794–804, Dec. 1995.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. [9]
    J. Craninckx and M. Steyaert, “A 1.8-GHz CMOS low-phasenoise voltage-controlled oscillator with prescaler”, IEEE J. Solid State Circuits, vol. 30, pp. 1474–1482, Dec. 1995.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. [10]
    Nhat M. Nguyen and Robert G. Mayer, “A 1.8 GHz monolithic LC voltage controlled oscillator”, IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 27, pp. 444–450, March 1992.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. [11]
    M. Soyuer, K. A. Jenkins, J. N. Burghartz, H. A. Ainspan, F. J. Canora, S. Ponnapalli, J. F. Ewen, and W. E. Pence, “A 2.4 GHz Silicon bipolar oscillator whit integrated resonator”, IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 31, pp. 268–270, Feb. 1996.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Palmisano
    • 1
  • M. Paparo
    • 2
  • F. Torrisi
    • 1
  • P. Vita
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of EngineeringUniversity of CataniaCataniaItaly
  2. 2.SGS-THOMSON MicroelectronicsCataniaItaly

Personalised recommendations