The gross examination plays an important role in the evaluation of kidney specimens. Macroscopic features often provide important clues to the underlying pathologic process. For example, the accurate pathologic staging of renal neoplasms can usually be accomplished simply by noting relationships between the tumor and certain anatomic landmarks. As with other tissues, no kidney specimen should be dissected without prior knowledge of the patient’s clinical history. This fundamental rule is especially important when handling kidney specimens in which the evaluation of glomerular disease relies on immunofluorescence and ultrastructural analysis. Thus, before processing even the smallest kidney biopsy, determine from the clinical history whether or not fresh tissue should be submitted for these special studies.
KeywordsRenal Vein Partial Nephrectomy Kidney Biopsy Renal Capsule Cystic Kidney
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